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How Electoral Reform Boomeranged: Continuity in Japanese Campaigning Style
The JCIE Papers: 23
Otake Hideo, Editor

This volume presents the research and insights of six authors concerning the first general election in Japan's House of Representatives since the passage in 1994 of a political and electoral reform law. The October 1996 election was seen by reformers as a litmus test for the new law, which they thought would alter the style of campaigning in Japan. Campaign strategies dependent on the clout of an individual candidate's koenkai, or personal support group, were expected to give way to strategies emphasizing party-based electioneering.

The essays collected here conclude that actual campaigning style remained mostly unchanged. Authors focus on individual politicians of varied standing within the Diet, their koenkai in both urban and rural areas, and the large companies and their unions that endorse candidates. Five appendices explain the election system and political reform, give the distribution of seats under the new Lower House electoral system, show the election standings for 1993 and 1996 and party realignment between 1955 and 1996, and list abbreviations of political parties.

Chapters

Overview
Otake Hideo, Professor of Political Science, Kyoto University
How a Diet Member's Koenkai Adapts to Social and Political Changes
Otake Hideo
Nukaga Fukushiro: Climbing the Ladder to Influence
Yamada Masahiro, Assistant Professor of Political Science, Kwansei Gakuin University
The Enduring Campaign Networks of Tokyo's Shitamachi District
Park Cheol Hee, Ph.D. Candidate, Columbia University
Political Realignment in Hyogo and Okayama
Tani Satomi, Professor of Political Science, Okayama University
The End of Competitive Coexistence: Large Companies and Their Unions
Niwa Isao, Assistant Professor of Political Science, Toyama University
Anatomy of the 1996 Lower House Election
Kataoka Masaaki, Associate Professor of Political Science, Keio University
Yamada Masahiro

Tokyo: Japan Center for International Exchange, 1998

ISBN 4-88907-018-4; 200 pages; paper, $15.00

Outside Japan, please order from the Brookings Institution, Dept. 029, 1775 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20042-0029 (phone: 1-800-275-1447 or 202-797-6258; fax: 202-797-6004; e-mail: BIBOOKS@brook.edu).

Inside Japan, please order from the Japan Center for International Exchange (publication ordering information)