In the past 25 years, the number of refugees around the world has skyrocketed from 2.5 million to more than 17.5 million."Because the refugees are concentrated in countries that are least able to support or absorb them," and because the scale of the problem far exceeds the capacity of international humanitarian agencies to cope, the problem poses a serious threat to global peace, as well as to the domestic stability of the advanced industrial nations.
This report of the Trilateral Commission, for which the Japan Center for International Exchange acts as Japanese secretariat, lists the different categories of migrants and the economic and political conditions fueling contemporary population flows, including radical changes in the global economy and the ending of the cold war. The report outlines the varied immigration history and policies in Canada, the United States, Europe, and Japan.
It describes the herculean task facing the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees as it tries to cope with the flood of displaced persons in the former Yugoslavia and other regions. The U.S. government's efforts to prevent mass Haitian migration is offered as an example of the potential threat to the national security of the advanced industrial nations posed by the large migration waves. The report recommends various steps to alleviate the economic, social, and political conditions that cause migration in the first place.
The report contains nine tables presenting detailed statistics on immigration and refugees, as well as an appendix listing the number of refugees and asylum-seekers by region and country (as of December 31, 1992). Other appendixes include the Declaration on Principles of Governing External Aspects of Migration Policy, passed by the European Community at the Edinburgh Summit in 1992; excerpts from the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees; and excerpts from Security Council Resolution 688 (April 1991) concerning political oppression in Iraq.
- Summary Highlights
- Who Are Today's Migrants? Why Are They on the Move?
- Canada and the United States
- European Community Countries
- The International Community and Refugees: Different Contexts, Changing Approaches
- Where Do We Go From Here?: A Frame Work for Policy
- Doris M. Meissner, Commissioner, U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service; Director, Immigration Policy Project, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
- Robert D. Hormats, Vice Chairman, Goldman Sachs International
- Antonio Garrigues Walker, Senior Partner, J & A Garrigues; Special Advisor to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
- Shijuro Ogata, Senior Advisor, Yamaichi Securities
New York, Paris, and Tokyo: The Trilateral Commission, 1993
ISBN 0-930503-69-4; 136 pages; paper; $12.00