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Japan's Road to Pluralism: Transforming Local Communities in the Global Era
Shun'ichi Furukawa and Toshihiro Menju, editors

Japan's Road to PluralismProfound changes are being hewn in Japanese communities, as historical precedents, proven models, established guidelines, and fixed rules are challenged and more appropriate alternatives sought.

In this volume, seven sociologists show how fundamental structures have been undergoing change at the grassroots level in Japan because of decentralization and globalization. Citizen activism in local governance is growing, in response to new societal phenomena such as an increase in the foreign resident population and weakened local industries. Along with decentralization, many local authorities are promoting new measures to actively cope with the impact of globalization and to work with nongovernmental organizations and community businesses to meet the new needs of citizens. This volume chronicles the practical and incremental changes in community-level governance and how such change has redefined the duties of prefectures and local authorities clearly pointing toward Japan's new road to pluralism.


Chapters

Foreword
Yamamoto Tadashi, President, Japan Center for International Exchange
Introduction: The Challenges Facing Japanese Communities
Furukawa Shun'ichi, Professor of Government and Public Administration, Institute of Policy and Planning Sciences, University of Tsukuba
Decentralization in Japan
Furukawa Shun'ichi
The Socioeconomic Impact of Community Business
Kanagawa Koji, Associate Professor, Faculty of Social and Environmental Studies, Fukuoka Institute of Technology
Local Government and Resident Foreigners: A Changing Relationship
Kashiwazaki Chikako, Associate Professor, Faculty of Economics, Keio University
International Policies of Local Governments
Menju Toshihiro, Senior Program Officer, Japan Center for International Exchange
Think Tanks in a Changing Regional Environment
Nakamura Madoka, Senior Researcher, Center for Policy Research Information, National Institute for Research Advancement (NIRA)
Prospects for a Self-Sustainable Local Fiscal System
Numao Namiko, Associate Professor, College of Economics, Nihon University
The Emergence of NPOs and the Implications
Tamura Shigeru, Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, Niigata University

Copyright © 2003 Japan Center for International Exchange

ISBN 4-88907-060-5; 187 pages; paper; US$18.00 (¥2,160)

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In Asia, please order from The Brookings Institution (Fax: 202-797-6004; e-mail BIBOOKS@brook.edu) or Kinokuniya Company Ltd. (Fax: 03-3439-0839; e-mail: bkimp@kinokuniya.co.jp).