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Keeping the Peace in the Post–Cold War Era: Strengthening Multilateral Peacekeeping
The Triangle Papers: 43
John Roper et al.; foreword by John Roper

The United Nations was involved in 15 peacekeeping operations in 1988-1993, compared with only 13 in 1948-1987. By May 1993, UN troops and observers totaled 75,738, having quintupled since mid-1991. The United Nations still "freezes" a cease-fire, but it also "builds" peace through refugee repatriation, infrastructure repair, and democratic elections.

The United Nations' greater role, however, requires greater resources. The first of the book's four main chapters explains the body's expanding tasks and responses by regional (mainly European), military, and economic organizations. The second chapter notes the 1993 regular budget did not cover current peacekeeping obligations—in short, the United Nations was broke—and proposes financial reforms. An appendix on current methods of financing the United Nations concludes the chapter. The third chapter reviews the problems Trilateral countries face contributing more to multilateral peacekeeping. The fourth chapter focuses on the inner workings of the Security Council, its possible reformation to include up to 21 members, and the requisites for its intervention.

Chapters

Introduction
John Roper, Director, Institute for Security Studies, Western European Union in Paris
A Wider Rage of Tasks
John Roper
Financing UN Peacekeeping
Enid C. B. Schoettle, Director, Project on International Organizations and Law; Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations in New York
Trilateral Country Roles: Challenges and Opportunities
Masahi Nishihara, Professor of International Relations, National Defense Academy
Maintaining Broad Legitimacy for United Nations Action
Olara A. Otunnu, President, International Peace Academy in New York
Summary of Recommendations
John Roper
Appendix: Current Rapid Expansion Unsustainable Without Major Changes
Marrack Goulding, United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs

New York, Paris, and Tokyo: The Trilateral Commission, 1993

ISBN 0-930503-70-8; 108 pages; paper, $12.00

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