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The Role of Philanthropy in International Cooperation
Report on the JCIE 15th Anniversary International Symposium, Tokyo, December 1985
Foreword by Tadashi Yamamoto

In the 1980s, Japan faced increasing pressure to play a greater international role befitting its position as an economic superpower. There was a growing awareness in Japan of the need for the private sector to become more involved in public affairs, rather than simply looking on foreign aid and international goodwill as the government's job. The nation, however, lacked a tradition of private philanthropy as well as the infrastructure to carry it out.

As a private, nonprofit organization devoted to international exchange and research in the field of foreign policy, the Japan Center for International Exchange has depended on private donations since its inception. Thus it is fitting that the center chose to celebrate its 15th anniversary by sponsoring a symposium on philanthropy.

The proceedings of the conference, presented here, include talks about different types of corporate giving in Japan; the role of Keidanren (Japan Federation of Economic Organizations) in linking applicants and corporate donors; and cultural, organizational, and procedural factors, including an unfavorable tax code and lack of experienced staff, that impede philanthropic activities in Japan. The philosophy, activities, and goals of well-known American corporate donors and foundations are also discussed. The conference underscores the benefits of philanthropy to the company and local society, as well as to the international community, and offers advice about how to fund and carry out better, more effective programs.

Chapters

Issues and Trends in Corporate Philanthropy: The American Experience
James A. Joseph, President, Council on Foundations
The Role of Private Foundations in Japan
Yujiro Hayashi, Executive Director, Toyota Foundation
Corporate Giving in Japan and Keidanren's Role
Natsuaki Fusano, Managing Director, Keidanren (Japan Federation of Economic Organizations)
Bridging Corporate Culture and Community Needs
Mark A. Vermillion, Manager, Apple Computer Corporate Grants, Apple Computer, Inc.
Improving Corporate Philanthropy in Japan
Nobuaki Mochizuki, Executive Director, Nippon Life Insurance Foundation
Foundation Management under Difficult Circumstances
Donald S. Rickerd, President, Donner Canadian Foundation
Types of Corporate Giving in Japan
Tatsuo Ohta, General Manager, Trust Department, Mitsui & Banking Co., Ltd.
Goals and Priorities of International Philanthropy in Developing Nations
Bienvenido A. Tan, Jr., President, Philippine Business for Social Progress
Contribution to the Third World Development: A Company Priority
Robert F. Longley, Senior Vice President, Morgan Guaranty Trust Company of New York
Overseas Development and International Cooperation
Peter F. Geithner, Program Officer in Charge of Developing Country Programs, Ford Foundation
The Need for Professional Assistance and Tax Exemption for Japanese International Philanthropy
Saburo Okita, Former Foreign Minister; President, International University of Japan
Role of Japanese Philanthropy in Creating a Healthy International Environment
Soedjatmoko, Rector, United Nations University
Human Development and International Research Cooperation for the 21st Century
Atsushi Shimokobe, President, National Institute for Research Advancement
Role of Private Foundations in Internationalization: Lessons from Europe
Laurens Jan Brinkhorst, Head, Delegation of the Commission of the European Communities in Japan

Tokyo: Japan Center for International Exchange, 1986

65 pages

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