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Trilateral Commission Task Force Reports: 15–19
The Trilateral Commission

Report No. 15 deals with East-West relations. The authors focus on the evolution of the then major communist powers (the former Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China); the so-called contested areas around the world (Europe, East Asia, the Middle East, Southern and Eastern Africa) and the North-South problem; shifts in the world military balance; the perceived tasks that faced East-West relations at the time of the report; and problems of coordination among the Western powers.

Report No. 16 is concerned with increasing rice production in Asia. After a brief review of world food problems, the authors explain why they focused on Asia and on rice production. Next, a review of the then-present production situation is followed by a program for doubling rice production.

In Report No. 17, the authors address the political and economic problems that arose, and were still thought likely to arise, from the Arab oil embargo in 1973. A brief summary of several countries' responses to the "oil shock" is then given along with the response of international institutions. A number of energy transition strategies are discussed. These strategies are divided into those that sought to ensure security of supply, avoid financial crises, and manage the transition to higher-cost energy.

Report No. 18 deals with trends in the industrial relations systems in Western Europe, North America, and Japan. The principal areas of concern are changes in collective bargaining processes and developments in other forms of employee participation in the corporate decision-making process that had previously been solely the concern of management.

The final report, No. 19, concerns itself with the economic problems arising from the difficult economic climate in the 1970s, which was felt to have structurally weakened the industrialized countries. The coordination of responses both between government and industry and between governments is discussed. Problems with the Third World, differences between economic systems in the then East-West bloc, and sectoral problems are also discussed.

Chapters

An Overview of East-West Relations
Jeremy R. Azreal, Professor of Political Science, University of Chicago
Richard Löwenthal, Professor Emeritus of International Relations, Free University of Berlin
Reducing Malnutrition in Developing Countries: Increasing Rice Production in South and Southeast Asia
Umberto Colombo, Director-General, Research and Development, Montedison
D. Gale Johnson, Professor of Economics, University of Chicago
Toshio Shishido, President, Nikko Research Center
Energy: Managing the Transition
John C. Sawhill, President, New York University
Keichi Oshima, Professor of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tokyo
Hanns W. Maull, European Secretary, The Trilateral Commission
Collective Bargaining and Employee Participation in Western Europe, North America and Japan
Benjamin C. Roberts, Professor of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics
Hideaki Okamoto, Professor of Industrial Relations, Hosei University
George C. Lodge, Professor of Business Administration, Harvard Business School, Harvard University
Industrial Policy and the International Economy
John Pinder, Director, Policy Studies Institute, London
Takashi Hosomi, Advisor, Industrial Bank of Japan
William Diebold, Senior Research Fellow on Foreign Relations, New York

• © The Trilateral Commission

• New York: New York University Press, 1981

• ISBN 0-8147-8166-5; 470 pages; paper

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