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Global Health and Human Security

Health and Human Security in Africa
Satellite Seminar of the The Third TICAD Ministerial Follow–up Meeting
May 2–3, 2011

In front of model house in Ethiopia

Team site visit to model house in Ethiopia

On May 2–3, 2011, JCIE organized a symposium and roundtable on "Health and Human Security in Africa" in Dakar, Senegal. The events were organized in conjunction with the Third Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD) Ministerial Follow-Up Meeting. These ministerial meetings are held periodically to follow up on commitments made at TICAD IV in 2008. TICAD summits have been held every five years since 1993 and operate as the preeminent global framework for Asia and Africa to collaborate in promoting Africa's development.

At the symposium, senior Japanese and African government officials spoke about their countries’ efforts to improve health and development in Africa, including Japanese State Secretary for Foreign Affairs Chiaki Takahashi and Senagalese Minister of Urbanization, Housing, Construction and Water Oumar Sarr. Human security luminaries Miriam Were, Hideyo Noguchi Africa Prize Laureate, and Yukio Takasu, Special Advisor on Human Security to United Nations Secretary General, delivered keynote addresses, providing insight into the many roles that the human security framework can play in improving health outcomes in Africa.

In front of model house in Ethiopia

Miriam Were (left), Yukio Takasu (right)

In addition, some of the most well known African promoters of global health and human security presented in-depth reviews of their work current underway on the ground in Africa, including Cheick Tidiane Tall (African Council of AIDS Service Organizations), Noerine Kaleeba (AIDS Support Organization Uganda), Lola Dare and Adrien Sonko (CHESTRAD), and Fru Fobushi Angwafo III (Ministry of Public Health, Cameroon).

The roundtable on the following day provided a more intimate opportunity to explore individual human security approaches and case studies. Members of the Executive Committee of JCIE’s Global Health and Human Security Program, Yasushi Katsuma and Masamine Jimba, provided analysis from JCIE study trips in Ethiopia and Senegal undertaken the preceding week, as well as cases that the JCIE team has been collecting from organizations throughout Africa. Then, global health experts Cheikh Seydil Moctar Mbacke (New Partnership for Africa's Development) and Carlos Santos–Burgoa (Pan America Health Organization) took a wider perspective on the discussion, exploring how the human security approach can be used to meet broad international targets, such as the Millennium Development Goals, across the African continent and beyond.

In front of model house in Ethiopia

Tonia Marek (left), Fru Fobushi Angwafo III (right)

Participants in the symposium and roundtable agreed that human security, with its emphasis on linking community empowerment to top-down protection approaches, is a valuable tool for promoting better health outcomes and, more generally, wellbeing in Africa. With that agreement, now is the time for a more in-depth exploration of what human security looks like in its implementation in Africa and elsewhere and how it can be integrated into the policy frameworks of governments, international organizations, and local NGOs. The next phase of JCIE’s project will focus on similar topics in Latin America, as the team draws lessons from case studies it is studying in both Africa and Latin America.


Agenda

Satellite Symposium
May 2, 2011

Opening Remarks

Opening Speeches

Keynote Speeches: What “Health and Human Security” Means in Africa

Moderator: Speakers:

Presentations from the Ground

Moderators: Presenters:
1) Empowering Communities to Respond to Health Threats 2) Enhancing Protection of Communities to Deal with Health Threats—Policy, Implementation, and Service Delivery

Concluding Remarks: African Strategies to Human Security and Health

Moderator: Speaker:


Satellite Roundtable
May 3, 2011

Opening Remarks

Session 1: Findings from case studies

Moderator: Presenters: Discussion

Session 2: Added values of human security approaches in achieving MDGs and beyond

Moderator: Discussants: Discussion

Concluding remarks

Moderator: Speakers: