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II. Multilateral - Nongovernmental/Track II Meetings

  1. Workshop on Education, Equity, and Security.
  2. Regional Outlook Forum 2002.
  3. 658th Wilton Park Conference---Missile Defences: Implications for International Stability.
  4. Essence of Military Power at the Dawn of the 21st Century.
  5. Running on Empty? Politics, Markets and Southeast Asian Regionalism.
  6. Southeast Conference of the Association for Asian Studies (SEC/AAS), 41st Annual Meeting.
  7. The Intersessional Meeting of the Human Security Network on Human Security and HIV/AIDS.
  8. Follow-Up Meeting of the UN Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.
  9. 2002 Northeast Asia Economic Conference.
  10. 3rd Workshop on East Asia Energy Futures Project.
  11. Ramifications of Taiwan's December 2001 Elections for US-PRC Relations.
  12. Conference "Islam in Modern Indonesia."
  13. Shared Development to Reinforce Global Security: Asia Pacific Dialogue Session.
  14. The Re-Integrative Revolution: Managing Diversity and Identity Politics in the Asia-Pacific Region (3rd Annual Meeting of the Asia Pacific Cosmopolitanisms).
  15. 11th Meeting of the CSCAP Maritime Cooperative Security Working Group.
  16. 664th Wilton Park Conference---Japan and East Asia: Policies For the 21st Century.
  17. Transnational Violence and Seams of Lawlessness in the Asia-Pacific: Linkages to Global Terrorism Conference.
  18. 2002 Pacific Symposium: Addressing Transnational Security Threats in the Asia-Pacific Region.
  19. Japan and ASEAN: Cooperation for Peace and Prosperity in the Asia-Pacific Region.
  20. 9th ASEAN-ISIS Colloquium on Human Rights (AICOHR).
  21. Regional Conference on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime.
  22. Asia Pacific Agenda Siem Reap Forum 2002.
  23. Providing CyberSecurity in a Global Age.
  24. Seminar on Energy Security in Asia---Examining Possible Areas of ASEAN+3 Energy Cooperation.
  25. 11th Northeast Asia Economic Forum.
  26. 9th Meeting of the CSCAP North Pacific Working Group.
  27. Thinking Outside the Security Box: Non-Traditional Security in Asia: Governance, Globalization, and the Environment.
  28. 4th Intellectual Dialogue on "Building Asia's Tomorrow: Human Security as a Policy Framework for New Cooperation in Asia."
  29. Human Security Kisarazu Conference.
  30. Transnational Organized Crime Conference.
  31. Asia/Africa Parliamentarian Forum on Human Security and Gender: The Role of the Legislature.
  32. A Disarmament Agenda for the 21st Century.
  33. Northeast Asia Cooperation Dialogue.
  34. 30th Williamsburg Conference.
  35. A Symposium on North Korea's Engagement with the Global Economy: Prospects and Challenges.
  36. Conference "East Timor in Transition: Past, Present and Future."
  37. International Symposium on Electronic Media, Markets and Civil Society in East and Southeast Asia.
  38. Round Table on Transition and Human Security in Central Asia.
  39. Scenarios for the Future of US-North Korean Relations: Engagement, Containment, or Rollback?
  40. Asia Vision 21 Conference: Thinking Long Term.
  41. Forum on New Economic and Security Architecture of Asia.
  42. 11th CSCAP Transnational Crime Working Group.
  43. 26th FAO Regional Conference for Asia and the Pacific.
  44. 17th International Working Group on Confidence and Security Building Measures.
  45. ASEAN and the Emergence of East Asia Regionalism.
  46. 1st IISS Asia Security Conference: 'The Shangri-La Dialogue."
  47. 16th Asia Pacific Roundtable: Confidence Building and Conflict Reduction.
  48. 8th Kanazawa Symposium on Northeast Asia "Security outlook in Northeast Asia and new agenda for the Kanazawa process."
  49. Promoting Cooperation in the Korean Peninsula and Northeast Asia.
  50. OSCE-Thailand Conference on the Human Dimension of Security.
  51. European Committee of the Council for Security and Co-operation in the Asia-Pacific (CSCAP Europe).
  52. Asian Studies Conference.
  53. The Impact of Globalization on Building an Asia-Pacific Community.
  54. Regional Seminar on Implementing the UN Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons.
  55. 3rd APCSS Biennial Conference: Enhancing Regional Security Cooperation.
  56. 8th Plenary Session of the Center for International Strategy, Technology, and Policy.
  57. 5th UN Conference on Disarmament Issues in Kyoto "The Challenge of Terrorism for International Security and Disarmament: Global and Regional Impact."
  58. Public Forum on Doctrinal and Strategic Implications of Global Islam.
  59. Europe and Asia - one year after 11 September.
  60. Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific Confidence and Security Building Measures Working Group Nuclear Energy Experts Group Meeting. .
  61. Asia-Pacific Regional Consultation Workshop on Water and Poverty.
  62. Asia Pacific Migration Research Network 5th International Conference and Business Meeting.
  63. Conference "China in Transition: A Look Behind the Scenes."
  64. Northeast Asia Cooperation Dialogue XIII: Defense Information Sharing Study Project.
  65. Northeast Asia Cooperation Dialogue XIII: Plenary Session.
  66. National Security Laws and Constitutional Rights in the Asia Pacific Region.
  67. 14th Hokkaido Conference for North Pacific Issues.
  68. Northeast Asia Cooperation Dialogue XIII: Infrastructure and Economic Development Workshop.
  69. Humanity, Peace and Security.
  70. Impact of US Foreign Policy on East Asia since September 11.
  71. 5th China-ASEAN Research Institute Roundtable: Regionalism and Community Building in East Asia.
  72. Exploring Federalism and Integration---the EU, Taiwan, China and Korea.
  73. 5th Annual RAND-China Reform Forum Conference.
  74. The Asia-Pacific: Region in Transition.
  75. ASEAN-EU relationship in the new context in Asia-Pacific region.
  76. The Human Rights Challenge of Globalization in Asia-Pacific-US: The Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children.
  77. 12th Meeting of the CSCAP Working Group on Transnational Crime.
  78. Globalization, Regionalism, and Local Capacity Building: Human Flows across National Borders in Northeast Asia.
  79. 2nd Second International Conference of Asian Political Parties.
  80. EU and ASEAN---Integration and Solidarity: 4th EU-ASEAN Think Tank Dialogue.
  81. Islam in Southeast Asia and China: Regional Faithlines and Faultlines in the Regional Ummah.
  82. Challenging OSCE Experience in East Asia.
  83. US-Asia Relations Today: a New 'New World Order.'
  84. International Conference on Governance in Asia: Culture, Ethics, Institutional Reform and Policy Change.
  85. 2nd Asia/Africa Parliamentarian Forum on Human Security and Gender.
  86. Conference on "Evolving Approaches to Security in the Asia-Pacific."
  87. Regional Forum on Trans-shipment Controls.
  88. Building an East Asian Community: Visions and Strategies.
  89. Conference on the Military and Democracy in Indonesia.
  90. The Responsibility to Protect Report of the ICISS.

  1. Workshop on Education, Equity, and Security. Kolkata, 2-4 January 2002. Organized by the Commission on Human Security, UNICEF/India, the Pratichi Trust and Harvard University. Participants included over three dozen academics, educators, government officials, policy planners and staff of the UN and non-governmental organizations from South Asia and elsewhere. Ensuring high-quality primary education as an aspect of human security was discussed with a focus on primary education in West Bengal, Bangladesh and Madhya Pradesh. Contact: the Commission on Human Security, tel: 1-917-367-2250 / 2251, fax: 1-917-367-2332, e-mail: chs-secretariat@un.org, Web site: http://www.humansecurity-chs.org/doc/ashgabat_participants.html, or http://www.humansecurity-chs.org/doc/0102Kolkata.html.
  2. Regional Outlook Forum 2002. Singapore, 8 January, 2002. The Institute for Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS), Singapore organized this forum. The forum was attended by approximately 18 academics, economists and business leaders from Singapore, Thailand, the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), Canada, China, Japan, Indonesia and Malaysia. The keynote speeches addressed the topics "China and Southeast Asia: collision or cooperation?" and "the WTO, China and Southeast Asia." Professor Wang Gungwu, director of the East Asian Institute at the National University of Singapore, and Dr. Supakhai Panitchpakdi, director-general designate at the WTO and former deputy prime minister of Thailand, delivered the speeches. The forum was divided into four broad sessions, as follows: regional political outlook 2002, regional economic outlook 2002, stock market outlook and the concluding session. Contact: ISEAS at 30 Heng Mui Keng Terrace, Pasir Panjang, Singapore 119614, tel: 65-778-0955, fax: 65-775-6264, e-mail: admin@iseas.edu.sg, Web site: http://iseas.edu.sg.
  3. 658th Wilton Park Conference---Missile Defences: Implications for International Stability. Wilton Park Conference Center, Sussex, 14-18 January 2002. Topics included technology options and costs; enhancing international stability during and following deployment of defences; and likely national and regional responses. Asian content included Chinese views on missile defence and stability, Japan's security and missile defence development, and how missile defences affect South Asia. Web site: http://www.wiltonpark.org.uk/web/conferences/.
  4. Essence of Military Power at the Dawn of the 21st Century. Japan, 15-16 January 2002. Organized by the National Institute for Defense Studies (NIDS), Japan. Participants, mostly security experts from Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, the UK and the US discussed military power in the 21st century: the defense challenge post-9-11; the effectiveness of military power; land warfare, sea power and air power in East Asia; nuclear weapons; joint and combined warfare in the 21st century; and unconventional warfare. Web site: http://www.nids.go.jp.
  5. Running on Empty? Politics, Markets and Southeast Asian Regionalism. Hong Kong, 17-18 January 2002. Hosted by the City University of Hong Kong. Attended by scholars from Australia, Hong Kong, Japan and Singapore. Among the topics discussed were: region in crisis or crisis of regionalism; Sino-ASEAN relations: a case study on the South China Sea dispute; and sovereignty under siege: globalization and the state in Southeast Asia. Web site: http://www.cityu.edu.hk/cityu/news/empty.htm.
  6. Southeast Conference of the Association for Asian Studies (SEC/AAS), 41st Annual Meeting. Tennessee, 18-20 January 2002. Organized by SEC/AAS and participated in by scholars from Canada, Korea, Japan and the US. Among the topics addressed were: central-local relations in China: policy enforcement, implementation and impact; nuclear proliferation in the Indian sub-continent; China-Taiwan and the Caribbean; the US spy plane-Chinese fighter jet collision and Chinese foreign policy; and problems between the member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Web site: http://www.lib.duke.edu/reference/kenb/sec-main.htm.
  7. The Intersessional Meeting of the Human Security Network on Human Security and HIV/AIDS. Bangkok, 21-22 January 2002. Participants came from Austria, Canada, Chile, China, Ireland, Laos, Mali, Myanmar, Netherlands, Norway, South Africa, Switzerland, Thailand and Vietnam. There were representatives from NGOs and academic institutions, as well as ESCAP, UNAIDS, UNDP, UNICEF, UNFPA, UNDCP, UNESCO, UNIFEM and other international organizations such as WHO and IOM. Discussions concerned HIV/AIDS and human security in the Greater Mekong Sub-region. Participants made care visits to HIV/AIDS projects run by governmental, non-governmental and private sectors in Bangkok, Pathumthani and Nonthaburi. Contact: e-mail: human.security@dfait-maeci.gc.ca , Web site: http://www.humansecuritynetwork.org/aids-e.asp.
  8. Follow-Up Meeting of the UN Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects. Tokyo, 23-25 January 2002. Participants from 32 governments and 32 individuals from various organizations and research institutes met to implement the Programme of Action adopted by the UN conference. Topics included an Assessment of the UN conference and an exchange of views on the Programme of Action adopted at the UN conference. There was also discussion on the following topics: exports to non-state actors; international assistance and cooperation; and cooperation between governmental and non-governmental sectors. Chairperson's summary available at http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/un/disarmament/weapon/meet0201.html.
  9. 2002 Northeast Asia Economic Conference. Niigata, 27-29 January 2002. This conference was organized by the Niigata Prefecture, the city of Niigata, the Economic Research Institute for Northeast Asia (ERINA), the Niigata Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry and the Niigata Association of Corporate Executives. There were an estimated 500 participants, with 180 coming from overseas, including China, Mongolia, the ROK, Russia and Japan. The conference was divided into thematic sessions, with topics such as: trade and investment, with discussions on the possibilities of utilizing IT to respond to globalization; development finance, looking at approaches to creating development finance schemes to supply finance for infrastructure development in Northeast Asia; transportation; regional cooperation; the environment, with a focus on concrete proposals for encouraging and expanding cooperation in the Northeast region and eliminating the need to choose between economic activities and environmental concerns, as well as a discussion of environmental industries; energy, addressing fears of deterioration in energy security in Asia; and a trade and investment seminar, which outlined recent events in the region in terms of trade and investment. ERINA's Web site is http://www.erina.or.jp.
  10. 3rd Workshop on East Asia Energy Futures Project. Berkeley, California, 28 January - 1 February 2002. Eighteen energy researchers from China, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Far Eastern Russia, and the United States discussed the development of alternative national and regional energy paths and conducted quantitative analysis of end-use data. The conference was organized by the Nautilus Institute and supported by grants from the US Department of Energy. Contact: fax: 510-204-9298, e-mail: nautilus@nautilus.org, Web site: http://www.nautilus.org/energy.
  11. Ramifications of Taiwan's December 2001 Elections for US-PRC Relations. Honolulu, Hawaii, 2-4 February 2002. Thirty-four experts from China, Taiwan and the United States gathered to discuss the impact of the recent elections in Taiwan on larger Asia-Pacific security issues, particularly the impact on cross-Straits relations and US-PRC relations. Organized by the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies. Contact: fax: 1-808-971-8999, e-mail: pao@apcss.org, Web site: www.apcss.org.
  12. Conference "Islam in Modern Indonesia." Washington, 7 February 2002. Sponsored by the United States-Indonesia Society and the Asia Foundation. Examined the history, the international connections and the politics of Islam in Indonesia, which was considered crucial to regional approaches to counter terrorism in Southeast Asia. Web site: http://www.usindo.org/Briefs/Islam%20in%20Indonesia.htm.
  13. Shared Development to Reinforce Global Security: Asia Pacific Dialogue Session. Vancouver, 8 February 2002. Meeting of the APEC Business Advisory Council (ABAC), and co-organized by the Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada and Asia Inc. Magazine. Sessions included debates on the future of globalization and on the role of the business sector in capacity building (particularly as a means to contribute to reinforcing global security by alleviating poverty). Contact: fax: 038-754 460, e-mail: npanit@asianust.ac.th, Web site: www.asianust.ac.th.
  14. The Re-Integrative Revolution: Managing Diversity and Identity Politics in the Asia-Pacific Region (3rd Annual Meeting of the Asia Pacific Cosmopolitanisms). Melbourne, 14-17 February 2002. Organized by La Trobe University and supported by the Japan Foundation. Twenty-six participants from Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, South Korea, Thailand and Vietnam discussed cosmopolitan ideas and practices in the region, both at present and in the past. Among the papers presented were: Islam, Revolt, Renaissance, and Rediscovery; Cosmopolitanism, Diversity and Identity Politics in the Asia-Pacific Region; The Persistence of Thailand Nationalism; Politics, Power and "New Dayak" Identity; Internal Colonialism and Violence: Recent and Historical Dimensions on the Case of Ambon; and Managing Diversity and Identity Politics for the Implementation of Regional Autonomy in Indonesia. Contact: fax: 61-3 94792705, Frank Formosa, e-mail: F.Formosa@latrobe.edu.au, Web site: http://www.latrobe.edu.au/socsci/latestnews/cosmo.htm.
  15. 11th Meeting of the CSCAP Maritime Cooperative Security Working Group. Seoul, 18-19 February 2002. Hosted by the East-West Centre at Yonsei University, The Sea Lanes of Communication (SLOC) Study Group- Korea, and CSCAP Korea. Forty-four participants, representing seventeen member committees attended. Topics included sea-borne trade security issues (particularly terrorism and piracy), regional Coast Guard cooperation, maritime confidence building, and Sea Lines of Communication (SLOCs). Review of the draft memorandum on the Law of the Sea, the formulation of views on maritime terrorism for submission to the CSCAP Study Group on Terrorism, and consideration of funding opportunities and future programs were additional objectives. Contact: Co-chairs CSCAP Maritime Cooperation Working Group Centre for Maritime Policy Commodore Sam Bateman AM, (Australia), fax: 61 2 4226-5544, e-mail: sam_bateman@uow.edu.au and Rear Admiral R.M. Sunardi (Retd) (Indonesia), fax: 62 21 380-4941, Web site: http://www.cscap.org/maritime.htm. Meeting summary available at http://www.cscap.ca/mswg_feb02.html.
  16. 664th Wilton Park Conference---Japan and East Asia: Policies For the 21st Century. Wilton Park Conference Center, Sussex, 18-22 February 2002. Organized by the Wilton Park Conference Center Association, in conjunction with the United Nations University, Tokyo, and with support from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in London, Japan 2001 and Japan Airlines. Topics included Asia-Pacific security architecture; Japan's changing foreign policy; constitutional changes in Japan in relation to international security and foreign policy; regional energy resources; bilateral and regional relationships; East Asia and the war on terrorism; and non-traditional security threats. Web site: http://www.wiltonpark.org.uk/web/conferences/.
  17. Transnational Violence and Seams of Lawlessness in the Asia-Pacific: Linkages to Global Terrorism Conference. Honolulu, 19-21 February 2002. Thirty participants included intelligence analysts, law enforcement officials and academics from Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Switzerland and the United States. The conference's theme was the growing concern for transnational security and lawlessness in certain areas of Asia, as well as linkages between narcotics, arms trafficking and human smuggling. Contact: fax: 808-971-8999, e-mail: pao@apcss.org, Web site: www.apcss.org.
  18. 2002 Pacific Symposium: Addressing Transnational Security Threats in the Asia-Pacific Region. Washington, 20-21 February 2002. Approximately 300 participants from nearly all East Asian states. Funding for the conference provided by NDU. Sponsored by the National Defense University's Institute for National and Strategic Studies. Session titles included: Introduction and Survey of Regional Views on the Implications of Transnational Threats; the Money Trail; Evolving Transnational Threats; Implications for Military Forces; and Improving Regional Cooperation. Contact: fax: 202-685-3866, e-mail: NDU_Conferences@ndu.edu, Web site: www.ndu.edu/inss/symposia/pacific2002/.
  19. Japan and ASEAN: Cooperation for Peace and Prosperity in the Asia-Pacific Region. Tokyo, 20-22 February 2002. The Global Forum of Japan (GFJ) and the ASEAN ISIS acted as joint organizers. A total of 100 participants and guests attended the conference. Attendees represented Japan, the ASEAN secretariat and ASEAN member countries such as the Philippines, Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Laos, Myanmar and Indonesia. The conference consisted of 4 sessions with the following themes: ASEAN's relations with major dialogue partners, with an emphasis on its relations with the US, China and India, and the implications on Japan-ASEAN relations; Japan-ASEAN cooperation to resolve "divides" within ASEAN; ways to make Japan and ASEAN socially and culturally closer; and a wrap-up session. For the first session the paper presenter was Wiryono Sastrohandoyo, senior fellow, Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), Indonesia; for the second session, Ota Hiroshi, governor, the Global Forum of Japan, Japan; for the third session, Leong Stephen, assistant director-general, the Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS), Malaysia; and the wrap-up session was co-mediated by Ota Hiroshi and Lim Hank Giok-Hay, treasurer, Singapore Institute of International Affairs (SIIA). This conference was supported by Japan-ASEAN Exchange Projects. Contact Watanabe Mayu, chief of staff, the Global Forum of Japan, 2-17-12-1301, Akasaka, Minato-Ku Tokyo, 107-0052, Japan, fax: 81-(0)3-3589-5120 or 81-(0)3-3584-2190, e-mail: info@gfj.jp, Web site: http://www.gfj.jp.
  20. 9th ASEAN-ISIS Colloquium on Human Rights (AICOHR). Manila, 22-25 February 2002. Organized by the Institute For Strategic and Development Studies (ISDS), funded by the Canadian International Development Agency and Konrad Adenauer Stiftung. Attended by 45 academics, researchers and government officials from Brunei, Cambodia, Canada, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam. The theme was Social Development and Human Rights and the conference focussed on three principal areas: social development, a human rights mechanism, and regional cooperation. Topics of discussion included conceptual framework and overview of social development and human rights in Southeast Asia; education and skills dimensions; health and welfare dimensions; poverty alleviation dimension; regional challenges, responses and prospects for regional cooperation; the role of Track 2 and a regional human rights mechanism; and a special session on a regional human rights mechanism for ASEAN. Contact: ISDS, tel: 63-2-929-0889, fax: 63-2-929-0890, e-mail: isds@cnl.net
  21. Regional Conference on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime. Nusa Dua, Bali, Indonesia, 26-28 February 2002. Co-chaired by the foreign ministers of Indonesia and Australia. Three hundred and seventy participants included 34 ministers from the Asia Pacific, the Middle East and other regions as well as the United Nations Transnational Administration in East Timor (UNTAET), the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Observers attended from 13 European nations, Canada, the US, the Association of South-East Asian Nations Secretariat, the Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat, the EU, UNDP, World Bank, Asia Development Bank, IGC, INTERPOL, the International Committee of Red Cross, the International Federation of Red Cross, the International Labour Organization and the United Nations Office of Drug Control and Crime Prevention. The objective was to develop a strategy to deal with people smuggling, trafficking in persons and related transnational crime by cultivating a sense of shared purpose in addressing these issues, building on existing bilateral, regional and international cooperation and developing practical cooperation measures. Contact: John Griffin, deputy head of mission, Australian Embassy, Bangkok, tel: 02-287-2680 ext. 4850, Web site: http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/i_crime/people/conf0202_s.html.
  22. Asia Pacific Agenda Siem Reap Forum 2002. Siem Reap, 26-28 February 2002. This forum was jointly organized by the Japan Center for International Exchange (JCIE) and the Cambodian Institute for Cooperation and Peace (CICP). Thirty-two participants consisted primarily of academics and opinion makers from Cambodia, Japan, China, Indonesia, Singapore, Laos, Malaysia, the US, Myanmar, Korea, Australia, Vietnam, Canada, the Philippines and Thailand. The opening speech was delivered by His Royal Highness Norodom Sirivudh (chairman, Board of Directors of CICP; Supreme Privy Counselor to His Majesty The King of Cambodia; Member of the Senate). The forum was composed of 4 sessions: Islamic factors and Indonesian perspectives on Asia-Pacific and global order after September 11; the country perspectives of China, Japan and the US regarding the Asia-Pacific and global order after September 11; major power relations in the region after September 11; the emerging agenda for the Asia-Pacific, including the issues of engaging new ASEAN members; and IT and Asia-Pacific security. Contact: JCIE, tel: 03-3446-778, fax: 03-3443-7580, Web site: http//:www.jcie.or.jp/.
  23. Providing CyberSecurity in a Global Age. Singapore, 4-6 March 2002. The conference was co-hosted by the Institute of Defense and Strategic Studies (Singapore) and the Center for Strategic and International Studies (Washington). The conference convened senior cyber-security representatives from the governments of Australia, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore and the United States to discuss the problems of cyber security in a global age and to find ways to improve transnational cooperation on cyber security in both a regional and larger international context. Contact: fax: 202-775-3199, Web site: www.csis.org.
  24. Seminar on Energy Security in Asia---Examining Possible Areas of ASEAN+3 Energy Cooperation. Tokyo, 4 March 2002. Attended by about 200 people from energy related enterprises, energy experts, diplomatic missions and the media. Topics included the international energy situation; the Asian energy situation; an Asian energy community initiative; development of an emergency response system in the framework of ASEAN+3; and potential challenges and future direction for ASEAN+3. Web site: http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/energy/seminar/summary2002.html.
  25. 11th Northeast Asia Economic Forum. Anchorage, 6-8 March 2002. Hosted by the Institute of the North, Alaska, and co-sponsored by the East-West Center in Hawaii, Japan's Committee for the Promotion of an Asian Energy Community, and Japan's National Institute for Research Advancement (NIRA). Participants came from Japan, the Republic of Korea and the US, and discussed issues of government involvement in large energy projects; the future of Northeast Asia's natural gas markets and pipelines; China's perspective on the trade in natural gas; regional cooperation and implications for regional economic development, security, stability, and environmental protection; environmentally friendly uses of energy; financing needs and mobilization of capital for infrastructure development; information technology and telecommunications and effects on functional cooperation in Northeast Asia. Contact: the East-West Center, Web site: http//www.eastwestcenter.org.
  26. 9th Meeting of the CSCAP North Pacific Working Group. Vancouver, 10-12 March 2002. Hosted by CSCAP Canada at the Liu Centre for the Study of Global Issues. Attended by 27 CSCAP representatives from Canada, China, the DPRK, Japan, Mongolia, the Philippines, the ROK, Russia, New Zealand and the USA. Additionally, scholars from Taipei participated. Topics discussed included relations among the great powers, recent developments on the Korean Peninsula, the impact of the events of September 11th on the North Pacific region, confidence and security building measures, and new forms and roles for regional multilateral institutions. Contact: Brian Job, tel: 1-604-822-5480, e-mail: bjob@interchange.ubc.ca, Web site: http://www.iir.ubc.ca/cancaps. The co-chair's summary of the meeting is available at http://www.cscap.ca/npwg_march02.html.
  27. Thinking Outside the Security Box: Non-Traditional Security in Asia: Governance, Globalization, and the Environment. New York (United Nations), 15 March 2002. Organized by the United Nations University and funded by the Ford Foundation. Participants from various parts of Asia presented on environmental security issues in Northeast Asia, Southeast Asia and South Asia, Globalization and Socio-economic Challenges, and Governance. Contact: fax: 1-212-371-9454; Web site: www.unu.edu/ona.
  28. 4th Intellectual Dialogue on "Building Asia's Tomorrow: Human Security as a Policy Framework for New Cooperation in Asia." Japan, 16-17 March 2002. Co-organized by the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS) and the Japan Center for International Exchange. Contact: ISEAS, tel: 65-778-0955, fax: 65-775-6264, Web site: http://www.iseas.edu.sg.
  29. Human Security Kisarazu Conference. Kisarazu, 16-17 March 2002. This conference is part of the Global ThinkNet Forum sponsored by the Japan Center for International Exchange (JCIE). Participants came from Japan, Cambodia, Indonesia and the Philippines. The conference was organized into four sessions. The first session discussed the following themes: the conceptual ambiguity of human security; effective operationalization of the concept; actors of human security enhancement; and the side effects of human security discussions on Japan. The second session tackled the issues of marketability and practicability of the human security concept and levels on which human security initiatives should be taken. In session three, three case studies on primary health from Cambodia, Indonesia and the Philippines were presented. The health care conditions in the three countries were analyzed from the perspective of human security. Participants discussed the challenges encountered within their respective countries and made recommendations to improve the primary health care situations in these countries and in East Asia in general. The final session discussed suggestions on what needs to be done to operationalize the concept of human security as a policy instrument. Suggestions were grouped into five categories: to make human security everyone's business; to convince national governments of the importance of the concept; to convince and mobilize regional and global institutions; to rely on track 2 meetings; and to use the market mechanism. Contact: JCIE, tel: 81-3-3446-778, fax: 81-3-3443-7580, Web site: http//: www.jcie.or.jp/.
  30. Transnational Organized Crime Conference. Hong Kong, 18-21 March 2002. Sponsored by the Hong Kong Jockey Club, the Bank of China, PCCW, Sun Hung Kai Properties Ltd., the Rotary Club of Kowlon East, Vita Soy and Wing Sang Bakelite Electrical. Attended by more than 400 delegates from law enforcement agencies, liaison officers and consulate officials, security/intelligence analysts, law and legal services personnel and academics. Topics included cyber crime, money laundering, narcotics and Triads. Web site: http://www.expoman.com/crime/programme.html.
  31. Asia/Africa Parliamentarian Forum on Human Security and Gender: The Role of the Legislature. Marrakech, 24-26 March 2002. Organized by the UNDP Bureau for Development Policy and the Division for the Advancement of Women of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, in collaboration with the Moroccan Parliament and the Ministry for Promotion of Women, Protection of the Family and Childhood and Integration of Handicapped. The Japanese government provided funding through the Japan Women in Development (JWID) Fund. Participants came from Algeria, Bangladesh, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Ghana, Guinea, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mauritius, Mongolia, Morocco, Namibia, Nepal, Nigeria, the Philippines, South Africa, Tajikistan, Tanzania and Thailand. Also represented were the Inter-Parliamentary Union, UNIFEM, the Center for Asia-Pacific Women in Politics and the Southern African Development Community Parliamentary Forum. Topics addressed were freedom from want; freedom from fear; the role of parliamentarians in promoting gender equality and mainstreaming in parliamentary work; mainstreaming gender perspectives in HIV/AIDS; mainstreaming a gender perspective in the peace process; socio-economic policies for the advancement of women and gender equality; and implementing poverty reduction strategies from a gender perspective. Web site: http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/meetings/forum/AfricaAsia-2002T/Agenda%20FINAL.htm.
  32. A Disarmament Agenda for the 21st Century. Beijing, 2-4 April 2002. More than 70 participants included government officials from 19 countries, representatives from non-governmental groups and academia, and observers from China and diplomatic missions in Beijing. Featured speakers included the foreign minister of China and the Under-Secretary-General for Disarmament Affairs and Nobel Peace Laureate Jody Williams. Presentations included: US views on arms control; defence, disarmament and the United Nations; nuclear disarmament and the elimination of nuclear dangers; prevention of an arms race in outer space; missile proliferation and missile defence; conventional weapons; regional approaches to disarmament: an African approach to an African vision; security after 11 September: regional initiatives in CBMs and arms control; and the role of NGOs in the disarmament field. Contact: Tsutomu Ishiguri, UN Regional Centre For Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific. Web site: http://disarmament.un.org/ddapublications/op6contents.htm. Published as a DDA Occasional Paper: A Disarmament Agenda For The 21st Century (No. 6, October 2002). Adobe versions of some presentations available at the Web site.
  33. Northeast Asia Cooperation Dialogue. Moscow, 2-4 April 2002. Attended by academics and diplomats from China, Japan, Russia, South Korea and the United States, as well as 4 officials from the Disarmament and Peace Institute of North Korea. Talks focused on the Korean Peninsula, including economic reform measures, transportation, weapons of mass destruction and regional security and stability.
  34. 30th Williamsburg Conference. Kuala Lumpur, 11-13 April 2002. Organized by the Asia Society and the Asian Strategy and Leadership Institute (Kuala Lumpur). The conference hosted 51 participants and 30 observers from government, business, academia and journalism from Australia, Brunei, Canada, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, the Philippines, the Republic of Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand and the United States. Sessions included the War on Terrorism: Impact on Peace and Stability in Asia; the Economic Downturn: Prospects for Regional Economic Relations; Malaysia and Southeast Asia; and the Role of the United States in the Region. The conference included a keynote address by Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad. Funded by the Lee Foundation and Starr Foundation. Contact: fax: 212-517-8315, Web site: www.asiasociety.org.
  35. A Symposium on North Korea's Engagement with the Global Economy: Prospects and Challenges. University of Wisconsin-Madison, US, 12-13 April 2002. Sponsored by the Center for East Asian Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison and the Korean Economic Institute, Washington, DC. Scholars and representatives came from Hong Kong, the Republic of Korea, Sweden, the UK, the US and the World Bank. Divided into five panels on the following topics: North Korea's economy; change and prospects for economic engagement; legal and financial issues related to the "opening" of North Korea; lessons from other socialist and former socialist states; and the Roles of South Korea, the United States and the EU in economic engagement with North Korea. Contact: the Center for East Asian Studies, tel: 1-608-262-3643; fax: 1-608-265-291; e-mail: eas@intl-institute.wisc.edu.
  36. Conference "East Timor in Transition: Past, Present and Future." Dekalb, Illinois, 12-13 April 2002. Organized by the Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Northern Illinois University. Examined the implications of the cultural, economic and political patterns for East Timor's future development and its relation with its Asian neighbours.
  37. International Symposium on Electronic Media, Markets and Civil Society in East and Southeast Asia. Hong Kong, 15-16 April 2002. Jointly organized by Department of Applied Social Studies and the Southeast Asia Research Center, City University of Hong Kong. Participants came from academia, and civil society representatives in the Asia Pacific Region attended the symposium. A session was devoted to discussing IT and regional security. Web site: http://www.cityu.edu.hk/searc/.
  38. Round Table on Transition and Human Security in Central Asia. Ashgabad, Turkmenistan, 22-24 April 2002. Co-hosted by the Turkmen Institute of Democracy and Human Rights and the United Nations Development Programme. Organized and funded by the Commission on Human Security. Fifty-nine participants included government officials, journalists, research institutions and NGOs from Kyrgystan, Khazakistan, Tadjikistan, Uzbekistan and Austria as well as representatives from the Commission on Human Security, OSCE, the International Monetary Fund, the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank, the UN Department of Political Affairs, UNICEF, UNDP, UNODCCP and UNHCR. Topics of debate included political process and human security; Afghanistan, the geopolitical situation and its implications for human security; other issues and their impact on human security; and strategies to improve human security. Contact: the Commission on Human Security, tel: 1-917-367-2250 / 2251, fax: 1-917-367-2332, e-mail: chs-secretariat@un.org, Web site: http://www.humansecurity-chs.org/doc/ashgabat_participants.html.
  39. Scenarios for the Future of US-North Korean Relations: Engagement, Containment, or Rollback? Washington, 30 April - May 1, 24 June 2002. These workshops brought together a group of 16 experts for the April 30-May 1 meeting, and 18 for the June 24 meeting, primarily from government, academia and think tanks in Northeast Asia. The purpose of the workshops was to explore the uncertainties that North Korea faces and to begin a dialogue on effective strategies for US engagement with North Korea. Contact fax: 1-510-204-9298, e-mail: nautilus@nautilus.org, Web site: www.nautilus.org/security/.
  40. Asia Vision 21 Conference: Thinking Long Term. Bangkok, 9-11 May 2002. Sixty-one participants from Australia, Bangladesh, Brunei, Canada, China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Republic of Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, the United States and Vietnam. Sponsored by the Asia Foundation, Lee M. Folger, the Himalaya Foundation, the Houghton Freeman Foundation, the Hsin Yi Foundation, Jimmy Y. C. Lee, the Samsung Economic Research Institute and Tsuzuki Gakuen. Sessions included Visions for Asia; More Voices and Effective Decision-Making in Government; Paying for Health care and Social Security; Hatred and Harmony: History, Religion, and Ethnicity; and China's Growth and Impact in the Region. The conference also included breakout sessions focusing on the following: The Rise of China and Its Impact in the Region; Demography, Migration, Politics; History, Ethnicity, Nationalism; Japanese Economy and the Region; and Rural-urban Imbalances. Organized by the Harvard Asia Center. Contact: Harvard University Asia Center, fax: 1-617-495-9976, e-mail: asiactr@fas.harvard.edu, Web site: http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~asiactr.
  41. Forum on New Economic and Security Architecture of Asia. Singapore, 9 May 2002. Co-organized by the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies (Singapore) and the Asia Pacific Policy Program, and the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. Participants from Australia, Canada, Singapore and the United States presented on the following topics: Bilateralism and Multilateralism in Regional Economic Relations; ASEAN, ASEAN + 3, and the Emerging Economic Regionalism of East Asia; and Security Relations in Asia: Bilateralism, Multilateralism, and Unilateralism. Contact: appp@ksg.harvard.edu, Web site: www.ap.harvard.edu/.
  42. 11th CSCAP Transnational Crime Working Group. Shanghai, 13-14 May 2002. Meeting focused on law enforcement and regional cooperation. Document and identity fraud, money laundering, and terrorist financing were discussed. Contact: Dr. Sandy Gordon (Austalian Co-chair), tel: 6-2-6275-7043, fax: 6-2-6275-7585, e-mail: Sandy.Gordon@afp.gov.au; or Professor Carolina Hernandez (Philippine Co-chair), tel: 63-2-929-0889, fax: 63-2-929-0890, e-mail: cscap@cnl.net/cgh@cnl.net/isdsphil@cnl.net; or Professor Suchit Bunbongkarn (Thai co-chair) tel: 66-2-623-9654, 218-7432-3, fax: 66-2-623-9637-47, Web site: http://www.cscap.org/.
  43. 26th FAO Regional Conference for Asia and the Pacific. Kathmandu, 13-17 May 2002. A Senior Officers' meeting from 13 to 15 May was followed by a ministerial-level meeting from 16 to 17 May. Observers from two United Nations member states, 17 international non-governmental organizations and three intergovernmental organizations were also in attendance. Representatives of 5 other United Nations organizations participated. From 11 to 12 May, representatives of 13 international non-governmental organizations and 19 local non-governmental and civil society organizations participated in a pre-conference NGO/CSO regional consultation, in preparation for the World Food Summit. Topics included improving the contribution of livestock and fisheries development for food security and poverty alleviation, and empowering the rural poor in Asia and the Pacific. Conference documents are available at http://www.fao.or.th/NewsHighlights/APRC26/Document_List/document_list.htm.
  44. 17th International Working Group on Confidence and Security Building Measures. Winnipeg, 22-25 May, 2002. The Nuclear Energy Experts Group of the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP) Confidence and Security Building Measures (CSBM) Working Group convened 17 participants from 7 of the Asia-Pacific region's 8 current nuclear energy producers. Participants undertook a comprehensive review and update of activity in the respective Asia-Pacific nuclear energy sectors, discussed waste and proliferation problems, and assessed the impact of the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11 on transparency in the nuclear energy industry. Contact: webmaster@cmc.sandia.gov, Web site: www.cscap.nuctrans.org/index.htm.
  45. ASEAN and the Emergence of East Asia Regionalism. Hanoi, 27-28 May 2002. The Institute of International Relations (IIR) in Vietnam organized this international workshop. Funded by the Canadian International Development Agency. Participants numbered 57, and came from Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Canada and the US. H.E. Mr. Le Cong Phung, deputy foreign minister for Vietnam gave the keynote address. The workshop consisted of 5 sessions: ASEAN and the changing security environment in East Asia; ASEAN and the new economic integration in East Asia; development and regional security in East Asia: the role of ASEAN; evolving East Asia cooperation mechanisms and the role of track 2 meetings; and the wrap-up session. The workshop was supported by CIDA-SEACP. Contact: IIR Director Le Hong Truong 69 Lang Thuong Dongdu, Hanoi, Vietnam, tel: 84-4-834-4637; fax: 84-4-834-3543; e-mail: letruong1965@yahoo.com.
  46. 1st IISS Asia Security Conference: 'The Shangri-La Dialogue." Singapore, 31 May -2 June 2002. This dialogue was organized by the International Institute for Strategic Studies, to provide a regional forum for professional consultations between defence ministers. Funding provided by the Lockheed Martin Corporation, BAE Systems, Phoenix Television, the Asahi Shimbun, the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies (IDSS), Singapore Technologies Engineering and the Poongsan Corporation, and the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The Asia Foundation provided financial assistance to scholars. Participants included 18 defence ministers or their deputies, parliamentarians, businesspeople, and academics from Southeast Asian nations as well as Australia, New Zealand, South Korea, Japan, Canada, the United Kingdom and the United States. Formal topics of discussion were US strategy in the Asia Pacific; China's military doctrine and security policy; Europe's role in Asian security; managing the terrorist threat in Southeast Asia, non-proliferation challenges in the Asia-Pacific; and perspectives on the organization of Asian security. Additionally, informal bilateral meetings between defence ministers were scheduled daily. Contact: Julia Redfern, tel: 44-0-20-739-9101, e-mail: redfern@iiss.org, Web site: http://www.iiss.org/conferencepage.php?confID=1.
  47. 16th Asia Pacific Roundtable: Confidence Building and Conflict Reduction. Kuala Lumpur, 2-5 June 2002. The ASEAN Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS) organized this roundtable. Funded by the Canadian International Development Agency. Attendees were estimated to number more than 250, and included government officials, academics, research fellows and key leaders from Malaysia, the US, Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand, the UK, China, Brunei Darussalam, the Philippines, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Russia, Singapore, Japan, Cambodia, Laos, South Korea, North Korea, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Myanmar, Hong Kong, France, India, Finland, Germany and Sweden. Mr. Peter Brookes, deputy assistant secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific Affairs in the US, delivered the welcome address, titled "The free world meets the challenge of international terrorism." Concurrent sessions addressed the theme of terrorism and how it applies to the Asia-Pacific region. The following topics were also discussed during the plenary sessions: China's ascendancy; transnational crime; the ARF; the economic outlook; the Korean Peninsula; US security policy; Japanese defence policy; the India-Pakistan issue; Russia: key issues and challenges; the role of the media; human security and transnational migration; democratic reforms, good governance and human rights; w and armed conflict; and relations between Islam and the West. Closing remarks were given by Tan Sri Dr. Nordin Sopiee, chairman and CEO, ISIS Malaysia and conference chair. The Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) Southeast Asia Regional Program sponsored the roundtable. Contact: Philip Mathews, ISIS Malaysia, tel: 603-2693-9366, fax: 603-2691-3210.
  48. 8th Kanazawa Symposium on Northeast Asia "Security outlook in Northeast Asia and new agenda for the Kanazawa process." Kanazawa, 4-6 June 2002. Organized by the Asia-Pacific Regional Centre for Disarmament and financed from voluntary contributions of UN member states and other interested organizations. The first plenary session examined the security outlook in Northeast Asia, focusing on the threat from illicit trade in small arms and light weapons; multi-layer dialogue mechanisms; the 30th anniversary of the restoration of diplomatic relations between China and Japan; and security and economic development in land-locked countries. The second plenary examined the Korean peninsula, including a discussion of the latest developments in the Republic of Korea's position on bilateral relations, US policy and Japan's observations. A third plenary focused on the 11 September terrorist attack and its implications in Northeast Asia, with discussion on how to prevent further attacks, and how to defend homelands and interfaith and culture dialogue. A fourth plenary examined globalization, economies, energy, environment institutional aspects and agenda setting for the Kanazawa Process. Contact: Mr. Tsutomu Ishiguri, e-mail: ishiguri@un.org, tel: 1-212-963-7272, fax: 1-212-963-4989, Web site: http://disarmament.un.org/rcpd/4jun02cnf.htm.
  49. Promoting Cooperation in the Korean Peninsula and Northeast Asia. Beijing, 6-8 June 2002. Hosted by the Institute of Asian Pacific Studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and co-sponsored by the Korea Institute for International Economic Policy (KIEP), the Korea Economic Institute (KEI), the Asia Foundation, and the Mansfield Center for Pacific Affairs. Attended by American , Chinese and Korean scholars, NGO representatives from Hong Kong and experts on North Korea. Focused on three main areas: the situation in North Korea, the Northeast Asian context, and the role of the outside powers. Participants recommended strengthening and deepening economic cooperation in Northeast Asia, emphasizing railroad connections between North and South Korea and China, and developing a Northeast Asian energy community. Funding from the Korea Foundation. Contact: the Korea Economic Institute, tel: 202-371-0692, Web site: http//www.keia.org.
  50. OSCE-Thailand Conference on the Human Dimension of Security. Bangkok, 20-21 June 2002. Organized by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand. More than 150 participants included representatives from the Arab League, ARF, ASEAN, NGOs, the Organization for the Islamic Conference and OSCE participating states. Discussions included human trafficking, drug trafficking, international organizations in Europe and Asia and future prospects for cooperation between the OSCE and structures in the Asia-Pacific region. Contact: Aldona Szymanski, tel: 43-1-514-36-190 or 526, fax: 43-1-514-36-96, e-mail: aszymanski@osce.org, Web site: http://www.osce.org/events/index.php3.
  51. European Committee of the Council for Security and Co-operation in the Asia-Pacific (CSCAP Europe). Paris, 21 June 2002. Topics addressed in this general meeting included September 11 and its impacts on Asia; the future of the ASEAN Regional Forum; and European security policy in Asia. Contact: Professor François Godement or Ms. Régine Serra, tel: 33-1-40-61-60-72, fax: 33-1-40-61-60-60, e-mail: secretariat@cscapeurope.org, Web site: http://www.cscapeurope.org/Calendar/agenda-june21-02.htm.
  52. Asian Studies Conference. Tokyo, 22-23 June 2002. Hosted by the Institute of Asian Cultural Studies at the International Christian University. Scholars from Canada, Hong Kong, Japan, Norway, Singapore, Taiwan and the US attended. Among the topics discussed were: entering the era of globalization; migration, identity, and social networks among Chinese communities; and recovery and transition problems after the 1997 crisis: Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Thailand. Web site: http://www.meijigakuin.ac.jp/~kokusai/ascj/2002/2002.htm.
  53. The Impact of Globalization on Building an Asia-Pacific Community. Kuala Lumpur, 1-4 July 2002. Sponsored by the East-West Center (Honolulu), the Tourism Development Corporation of Malaysia, the East-West Center Association and the IAEWCA Malaysia Chapter. The conference included 270 participants from Australia, Bangladesh, Canada, Fiji, Germany, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Nepal, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, the Republic of Korea, Saipan, Singapore, Spain, Taiwan, Thailand, the United States and Vietnam. Security-related presentations included Food Safety: A Paradox of Globalization; Working Conditions of Trafficking Victims in Thailand; Globalization: Its Impact on the Environment; Internal and International Migration: The Strategy for Population Mobility Problems in Indonesia; Asia and the Pacific: Challenges of Globalization and Sustainability; Globalization and Democracy: Reflections on Southeast Asia; Fuzzy Borders and Fish Wars: A Cautionary Tale for the South China Sea; and the Downside of Globalization: The Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children. Contact: fax: 808-944-7502; e-mail: alumni@EastWestCenter.org; Web site: www.eastwestcenter.org.
  54. Regional Seminar on Implementing the UN Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons. Manila, 9-10 July 2002. Hosted by the Philippine government and co-sponsored by Canada. Participants included the UN, Red Cross International Committee, ASEAN member countries and delegates from Australia, Canada, Finland, Germany, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Netherlands, Norway, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States. Topics included peace and order, internal security and law enforcement, social implications, and suggesting strategies for implementation. Delegates witnessed the destruction of a cache of small arms seized by the Philippine National Police. Co-Chairperson's Summary Report available at http://www.smallarmssurvey.org/RegionalDocs.html#Asia.
  55. 3rd APCSS Biennial Conference: Enhancing Regional Security Cooperation. Honolulu, 16-18 July 2002. Hosted by the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies (APCSS). More than 225 representatives from over 30 Asia-Pacific nations attended. Asia-Pacific security issues, including the geopolitical environment, scenarios and foundations for cooperation, the impact of war on terrorism, and military cooperation experiences were discussed. Specific security issues, including medical and biological threats, energy security, weapons of mass destruction, flashpoints, ecological security, transnational violence, the information war and human security were also discussed. Web site: http://forum.apan-info.net/Fall02/22_23/22.html.
  56. 8th Plenary Session of the Center for International Strategy, Technology, and Policy. Ulaanbaatar, 24-28 July 2002. Co-sponsored by the Mongolian Institute for Strategic Studies. Thirty-five participants with experience in academia, government and business from China, Finland, Japan, Mongolia, the Republic of Korea, Russia and the United States discussed the concept of a limited nuclear weapons free zone in Northeast Asia. Sessions included: Mongolia and Key Nuclear Disarmament and Arms Control Issues; The Problem of Conventional Arms Control on the Korean Peninsula; Conventional Arms Control in Northeast Asia: The Art of the Possible; A Korean Perspective on the Confidence Building Measures on the Korean Peninsula; Conventional Arms Control on the Korean Peninsula; Disarmament on the Korean Peninsula; Problems of Conventional Arms Reduction in Northeast Asia; A Finnish View of the Question of Conventional Arms and Arms Control in Northeast Asia; Economic Incentives: Eurasian Railway Networks; New Momentum for South-North Korean Cooperation; and Economic Incentives for North Korea. The conference was funded by the Asia Foundation, the Japan Foundation, Korean Airlines, and US-based Ploughshares Fund and the W. Alton Jones Foundation. Contact: fax: 404-894-1903, e-mail: lnwfz@iac.gatech.edu, Web site: www.cistp.gatech.edu/.
  57. 5th UN Conference on Disarmament Issues in Kyoto "The Challenge of Terrorism for International Security and Disarmament: Global and Regional Impact." Kyoto, 7-9 August 2002. Organized by the Asia-Pacific Regional Centre for Disarmament and solely financed through voluntary contributions of UN member states and other organizations. The first plenary session focused on the impact of the 11 September terrorist attacks in the field of security and its aftermath, followed by discussion on: the impact on global and regional security; asymmetric warfare; biological, chemical and nuclear WMD and terrorism; consolidation of existing legal norms and future common treaties; and Asia-Pacific regional cooperation and responses. A second plenary session examined other weapons and new technologies, with discussion of small arms and light weapons, cyber terrorism and new technologies (laser, kinetic, etc). A third plenary examined UN responses including the CTC and its function, the IC Policy Working Group to the secretary-general, specialized agency responses and the implementation of the Millennium Declaration. Contact: Mr. Tsutomu Ishiguri, e-mail: ishiguri@un.org, tel: 1-212-963-7272, fax: 1-212-963-4989, Web site: http://disarmament.un.org/rcpd/7aug02cnf.htm.
  58. Public Forum on Doctrinal and Strategic Implications of Global Islam. Singapore, 4 September 2002. Organized by the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS). Speakers included Yaacob Ibrahim, acting minister, Ministry of Community Development & Sports for Singapore, Peter G. Riddell, Shad Saleem Faruqi, Sharon Siddique, Azyumardi Azra, Surin Pitsuwan, Zainah Anwar, Hussin Mutalib, Bernard T. Adeney-Risakotta and K. S. Nathan. Contact: ISEAS, tel: 65-778-0955, fax: 65-775-6264, Web site: http://www.iseas.edu.sg.
  59. Europe and Asia - one year after 11 September. Brussels, 11 September 2002. Organized by the European Institute for Asian Studies and the Strategic Alliance for Asian Studies. Academics, the press and official representatives from Europe and Asia assessed how economic, political, social and security developments in Asia affect European Union-Asian relations. Topics included a critical review of EU-Asia relations; post-11 September security policy and human rights; Central Asia; and the EU-Islam dialogue. Contact Roberta Zavoretti, tel: 32-2-282-4748, e-mail: r.zavoretti@eias.org.
  60. Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific Confidence and Security Building Measures Working Group Nuclear Energy Experts Group Meeting. Vladivostok, 14-16 September 2002. Twelve participants from 10 member committees attended. The meeting coincided with the Russian Federation Ministry of Atomic Energy conference on "Ecological Problems in Nuclear Submarines Decommissioning and Nuclear Power Industry Development in the Region." Participants toured the Zvezda shipyard, where nuclear submarines are decommissioned. Updates to the CSCAP Asia Pacific Nuclear Energy Transparency Web site http://www.cscap.nuctrans.org were discussed. Participants gave presentations on their respective nuclear energy sectors. Discussion focused on encouraging diplomatic activity by the North Korean government and identifying ways to contribute further to the process of integrating North Korea into the international community. Suggested topics for future discussion included European methods of managing the back end of the fuel cycle, reported increased interest in nuclear power, regional storage proposals, enhanced cooperation between the NEEG and IAEA, the continuing impact of the war on terrorism on nuclear transparency efforts, and potential export control issues. Contact: CSCAP Singapore, US CSCAP or CSCAP Korea, Web site: http://www.cscap.org/csbms.htm. Detailed meeting description available at http://www.cscap.nuctrans.org/Nuc_Trans/links/cossasum-2002.htm.
  61. Asia-Pacific Regional Consultation Workshop on Water and Poverty. Dhaka, 22-26 September 2002. Organized by the Asian Development Bank, the Bangladesh Ministry of Water Resources, the Water Resources Planning Organization (WARPO), BRAC and the Secretariat of the WWF. More than 150 participants were experts, academics and civil society people from the Asia-Pacific, Europe and the United States. Contact: Wouter Lincklaen Arriens, e-mail: wlincklaenarriens@adb.org; or John Soussan, e-mail: johnsoussan@hotmail.com; or Ms. Christina Duenas, e-mail: cduenas@adb.org. Web site: http://www.adb.org/Documents/Events/2002/Water_Poverty/.
  62. Asia Pacific Migration Research Network 5th International Conference and Business Meeting. Coral Coast, Fiji, 24-26 September 2002. More than 50 participants from 16 Asian countries included researchers and policy makers. Topics included migration and sustainable development; forced migration; migration and labour requirements; migration and poverty; and the role of the state in facilitating migration. Web site: http://www.capstrans.edu.au/apmrn/.
  63. Conference "China in Transition: A Look Behind the Scenes." Washington, 25 September 2002. Co-organized by the Freeman Chair in China Studies at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), and the US National Committee on United States-China Relations. Senator Joseph Biden, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, hosted the conference. Issues of major concern were raised: political succession, party legitimacy and reform, corruption, rural and urban income gaps and unrest, an aging population, a fraying social safety net, a looming HIV/AIDS crisis, a transforming industrial base, and the rise of civil society. These are all issues which the Chinese leadership must contend with and which, if mismanaged, could have serious consequences for China, for the region, and for US interests. Web site: http://www.csis.org/events/index.htm.
  64. Northeast Asia Cooperation Dialogue XIII: Defense Information Sharing Study Project. Moscow, 30 September - 1 October 2002. Ten participants and one observer from China, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Russia and the United States. Sessions included New Roles and Missions of the Armed Forces; Current Trends in the Russian Military; and country presentations on China, Japan, the Republic of Korea and the United States. Sponsored by the University of California Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation, with funding from the US Department of Energy. Contact: Susan Shirk, fax: 858-534-3352, e-mail: sshirk@ucsd.edu, Web site: www-igcc.ucsd.edu.
  65. Northeast Asia Cooperation Dialogue XIII: Plenary Session. Moscow, 2-4 October 2002. Hosted by the Institute of Far Eastern Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences. Forty-one participants from China, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Russia and the United States. Sessions included National Perspectives on Northeast Asian Security (with presentations on all countries represented); and Energy Supply and Demand Trends: Regional Implications. Sponsored by the University of California Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation, with funding from the US Department of Energy. Contact: Susan Shirk, fax: 858-534-7655, e-mail: sshirk@ucsd.edu, Web site: www-igcc.ucsd.edu/.
  66. National Security Laws and Constitutional Rights in the Asia Pacific Region. Canberra, October 2002. Sponsored by the Asia-Pacific Cross-Border Online Rights Network (ACORN) at the Australia National University and funded by the Daiwa Foundation for Asia and Oceania. Eight scholars and NGO activists from Australia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia and South Korea presented on the following topics: New Anti-Terrorist Laws for Australia: Balancing Democratic Rights Against National Security; National Security and Constitutional Rights in the Asia Pacific Region: The Malaysian Experience; Constitutional Rights and National Security: Some Issues in India; Security Legislations and Human Rights in Japan; National Security, Terrorism, and Human Rights in Indonesia; The Real Threats to National Security and Constitutional Rights: The Philippines After September 11, 2001; National Security and Constitutional Rights in Korea: National Security Law, Past and Present; and the 1947 Constitution Situated in the Problematic of the Postwar Japanese State. Contact: fax: 612-6257-1893, e-mail: Tessa Morris Suzuki at tms@coombs.anu.edu.au, Web site: rspas.anu.edu.au/home.html.
  67. 14th Hokkaido Conference for North Pacific Issues. Hokkaido, 2-4 October 2002. Jointly sponsored by National Institute for Research Advancement (NIRA) and North Pacific Region Advanced Research Center (NORPAC). The conference brought together researchers from 8 countries in the North Pacific region including the US, Canada, Russia, China, North Korea, South Korea, Mongolia and Japan. In addition to the conference, an open forum in which citizens could participate was held to provide information and to disseminate results from the researchers' discussion. This conference focused on the establishment of a regional framework which could contribute to maintaining the peace and security of the region. The following themes were discussed: searching for a new framework for cooperation in the North Pacific region and Japan's direction in the changing Asia Pacific region. Contact: NIRA, tel: 81-3-5448-1735, fax: 81-3-5448-1745, e-mail: pprd@nira.go.jap; Web site: http://www.nira.go.jp.
  68. Northeast Asia Cooperation Dialogue XIII: Infrastructure and Economic Development Workshop. Moscow, 4 October 2002. Hosted by the Institute of Far Eastern Studies at the Russian Academy of Sciences. Eleven participants from China, Denmark, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Russia and the United Kingdom, and one observer from the United States discussed the following topics: Railway Infrastructure and Its Implications for Regional Economic Development; Energy Demand and Supply: National Energy and Development Policies; and Energy Infrastructure Project Feasibility: Financing and Organization. Sponsored by the University of California Institute on Global Conflict and Cooperation, with funding from the US Department of Energy. Contact: Susan Shirk, fax: 858-534-3352, e-mail: sshirk@ucsd.edu, Web site: www-igcc.ucsd.edu. Future publication will be available at www.wiredforpeace.org.
  69. Humanity, Peace and Security. Washington, 11 October 2002. Organized by the Institute for Corean -American Studies (ICAS). Participants from Japan, Korea, Russia and the US discussed Japan's role in peace and security in the East Asia; China's reform; Russia's role in peace and security in the Korean peninsula; Korean peninsula issues; North Korea in the post-9-11 world; US strategic interests and its position in East Asia. Contact: ICAS, tel: 1-610-277-0149, fax: 1-610-277-3289, e-mail: icas@icasinc.org, Web site: http//www.icasinc.org.
  70. Impact of US Foreign Policy on East Asia since September 11. Beijing, 15 October, 2002. Co-sponsored by the Brooking Institution and Peking University's School of International Studies. Thirteen speakers from academia, government and business from China, the Republic of Korea, Taiwan and the United States participated in a forum on the following topics: Thirteen Months after 9/11: An Assessment; The Future of the International Economic System: View from around the Region; and The Evolution of US Security Policy and Implications. Contact: fax: 1-202-797-6004, e-mail: kscott@brookings.edu, Web site: www.brookings.edu.
  71. 5th China-ASEAN Research Institute Roundtable: Regionalism and Community Building in East Asia. Hong Kong, 17-19 October 2002. Funded by the Japan Foundation Asia Center, and organized by the Center of Asian Studies, the University of Hong Kong. Session 6 of the roundtable focused on regional security issues, such as regional security cooperation and China's strategic orientation. Contact: tel: 852-2859-2460/5, fax: 852-2559-5884, e-mail: casgen@hkucc.hku.hk, Web site: http://www.hku.cas.
  72. Exploring Federalism and Integration---the EU, Taiwan, China and Korea. Berlin, 26-27 October 2002. Organized by the European Institute for Asian Studies in Brussels, the Institut d'Etudes Politiques in Paris, the Asia-Europe Centre, the Institut fYr Asienkunde in Hamburg, the International Institute for Asian Studies in Leiden and the Nordic Institute for Asian Studies in Copenhagen, in collaboration with the Kyung Hee University of Seoul. Participants came from China, Germany, Netherlands, the Republic of Korea and Taiwan. Topics discussed included institution building in the EU and APEC; political and institutional change in China; trade and investment and the Taiwan Straits; Taiwan and China in a new political age; Chinese perceptions of the cross-strait problem; the Korean Peninsula; and interaction between Taiwan, China and the US. Contact: the European Institute for Asian Studies, tel: 32-2-230-81-22, fax: 32-2-230-5402; e-mail: eas@eias.org, Web site: http://www.eias.org.
  73. 5th Annual RAND-China Reform Forum Conference. Beijing, 31 October 31-1 November 2002. Co-organized by RAND and the China Reform Forum. Participants and observers included scholars, businesspeople and government officials from China, the United States and Taiwan. Topics addressed in the conference included the implications for Sino-US relations of the Bush administration's evolving national security strategy, the accomplishments and prospects of China's economic reform, possible obstacles to China's continued economic growth, and the effect of counterterrorist efforts on the economic outlook for the United States and Europe. Contact: fax: 310-451-6960, Web site: www.rand.org/nsrd/capp/.
  74. The Asia-Pacific: Region in Transition. Honolulu, 5-7 November 2002. Hosted by the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies. Topics included the context of change; system level transition: a regional hegemon; system level transitions from nation-states to a community of states; transitions to democracy; economic transitions; societal transitions; and approaches and solutions. Contact: tel: 1-808-971-8900, fax: 1-808-971-8999, e-mail: pao@apcss.org, Web site: http://www.apcss.org/.
  75. ASEAN-EU relationship in the new context in Asia-Pacific region. Hanoi, 12-14 November 2002. Organized by the National Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities of Vietnam (NCSSH). Researchers and scholars were invited from ASEAN and EU. Themes addressed were: looking back on the ASEAN-EU relationship since its establishment: its achievements and contributions to peace, stability and development in Southeast Asia and Europe; globalization and its impact on ASEAN-EU cooperation in the early 21st century; ASEM and its impact on the ASEAN- EU relationship in the years to come; East Asian cooperation and its impact on the future of ASEAN-EU relations; regionalism in Southeast Asia and in Europe and its impact on ASEAN-EU cooperation in the 21st century; ASEAN-EU cooperation: opportunities and challenges to the new ASEAN member countries; and what should be done to promote ASEAN-EU cooperation. Proceedings will be published in Vietnamese and English. Contact Dr. Bui Huy Khoat, director, Center for European Studies, tel. no/ fax: 844-8573121, e-mail: bhkhoat@hn.vnn.vn; Dr. Nguyen Thi My, Institute for Southeast Asian Studies, standing secretary of the Conference's Organizing Committee, tel. no: 844-8526360; fax no: 844- 8573121, e-mail : nguyenmy@fpt.vn.
  76. The Human Rights Challenge of Globalization in Asia-Pacific-US: The Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children. Honolulu, 13-15 November 2002. Over 300 international participants. Researchers, NGO workers, and government workers from Bangladesh, Cambodia, France, India, Indonesia, Japan, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Thailand, the United States and Vietnam. The conference was a project of the Globalization Research Center at the University of Hawai'I-Manoa, and co-sponsored by the East-West Center. Funding was obtained from the US State Department and other private corporations and foundations. Publication of conference papers forthcoming in 2004. Contact: Susan Kreifels kreifels@eastwestcenter.org, Web site: http://www.globalhawaii.org/PDF/trafficking_conference.cfm.
  77. 12th Meeting of the CSCAP Working Group on Transnational Crime. Bangkok, 18-19 November 2002. Attended by 55 participants from Australia, Canada, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand and the USA. Topics discussed included an update on terrorist organizations and activities in the Asia-Pacific; terrorist financing, money laundering, and identifying fraud; technical aspects of terrorism and links to transnational crime; the Bali Conference process on human smuggling; and finalization of a memorandum on transnational crime to present to the regional steering committee. Contact: Dr. Sandy Gordon (Austalian Co-chair), tel: 61-2-6275-7043, fax: 61-2-6275-7585, e-mail: Sandy.Gordon@afp.gov.au; Professor Carolina Hernandez (Philippine Co-chair) Tel: 63-2-929-0889, fax: 63-2-929-0890, e-mail: cscap@cnl.net/cgh@cnl.net/isdsphil@cnl.net; professor Suchit Bunbongkarn (Thai co-chair) tel: 66-2-623-9654, 218-7432-3, fax: 66-2-623-9637-47, Web site: http://www.cscap.org/.
  78. Globalization, Regionalism, and Local Capacity Building: Human Flows across National Borders in Northeast Asia. Tokyo, 20-21 November 2002. Co-hosted by the Center for East Asian Studies, the Monterey Institute, and the UN University Peace and Governance Programme. The goal of the conference was to analyze similar phenomena in other parts of the world, and to offer recommendations for building the capacity of national and sub-national authorities, as well as that of local communities, to harness the promises of expanding human contacts across national borders and to ameliorate the negative consequences of those human flows. Contact: e-mail: mbox@hq.unu.edu.
  79. 2nd Second International Conference of Asian Political Parties. Bangkok, 22-24 November 2002. One hundred and eighty participants from 50 political parties attended in their personal capacities from Afghanistan, Australia, Bahrain, Kuwait, New Zealand, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and 29 Asian countries. Participants included representatives of the Hanns Seidel Foundation, as well as Konrad Auder Siftung. Wilfried Martens (Italy) and Pier Fernando Casin attended as Guests. Topics involved a political dimension (community participation, regional security and good governance and transparency), an economic dimension (Asian Cooperation Dialogue, Economic Solutions for Asia and New Financial Architecture) and a social dimension (Human Security in Asia, Regional Eco-system for Economic Development and Strength in Culture Diversity). Contact: tel: 66-2668-2000 ext.7301, email: icapp@thairakthai.or.th, Web site: http://www.icapp2.org/surakiart.html.
  80. EU and ASEAN---Integration and Solidarity: 4th EU-ASEAN Think Tank Dialogue. Brussels, 25-26 November 2002. Organized by the European Institute for Asian Studies. The conference was attended by academics and officials from the ASEAN delegation to the EU Parliament, Brunei Darussalam, China, the European Institute for Asian Studies, the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, Laos, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Paris, the Philippines, Vietnam and the World Trade Organization. The keynote speaker was H.E. Dr. Supachai Panitchpakdi, director-general of the WTO. The conference was divided into four sessions: regional integration and regional solidarity; EU-ASEAN relations; WTO Doha development round-EU and ASEAN perceptions; and ASEAN and EU relations with China. Contact: the European Institute for Asian Studies, tel: 32-2-230-81-22, fax: 32-2-230-5402; e-mail: eas@eias.org, Web site: http://www.eias.org.
  81. Islam in Southeast Asia and China: Regional Faithlines and Faultlines in the Regional Ummah. Hong Kong, 28 November-1 December 2002. Organized by the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, the Southeast Asia Research Centre, the Centre for Cross-Cultural Studies, the Chinese Civilisation Centre and the City University of Hong Kong. Attended mainly by scholars from Australia, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, the United Kingdom and the US. Among the topics discussed were: fault lines and movements: constructing Islamic worlds in Southeast Asia; China and Islam; and democratization and civil society in Southeast Asia. Web site: http://www.cityu.edu.hk/cityu/news/islam.htm.
  82. Challenging OSCE Experience in East Asia. The Hague, 3 December 2002. Hosted by the Clingendael Institute. Attended by academics and policy makers. Themes included new regionalism in East Asia; searching for multilateral security mechanisms in the Asia-Pacific; and the OSCE and European security. Contact: the Clingendael Institute, tel: 31-70-3245384, fax: 31-70-3282002.
  83. US-Asia Relations Today: a New 'New World Order.' Paris, 2-4 December 2002. Hosted by the Centre for the Study of Globalization and Regionalism (CERI) with the support of the German Marshall Fund and the French Ministry of Defence. Topics included geopolitical perceptions, US-China relations, the Kyoto agreement, the US and Asian sub-regional crisis, new tensions, and the US and new Asian geostrategic games. Contact: Linda Amrani, tel: 33-0-1-5871-7008, e-mail: amrani@ceri-sciences-po.org.
  84. International Conference on Governance in Asia: Culture, Ethics, Institutional Reform and Policy Change. Hong Kong, 5-7 December 2002. Organized by the Asia Research Centre at the City University of Hong Kong. Attended by academics from Australia, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand and the United Kingdom. Among the topics discussed were: globalization, media ethics and governance in Asia; why Japan remains a threat to peace and democracy in Asia; the problem of lap dog journalism; foundations of public administration; and decentralization and discontents in transitional Vietnam and poverty reduction in the Third World. Web site: http://www.cityu.edu.hk/cityu/news/governance.htm.
  85. 2nd Asia/Africa Parliamentarian Forum on Human Security and Gender. Bangkok, 6-8 December 2002. Topics included actions taken by participants in follow-up to the first Forum; lessons learned using the Millennium Declaration and Millennium Development Goals for promoting gender equality; realizing women's human rights and human security; strategic partnerships with parliamentarians for gender equality; and regional development priorities and their gender dimensions. Agenda available at: http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/meetings/forum/AfricaAsia-2002T/Agenda%20FINAL.htm.
  86. Conference on "Evolving Approaches to Security in the Asia-Pacific." Singapore, 9-10 December 2002. Organized by the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies and Nanyang Technological University. Sponsored by the Sasakawa Peace Foundation. Forty participants discussed bilateral alliances, multilateral security forums, regional institutions, collaboration against international terrorism and other approaches to Asia-Pacific security. National perspectives from Australia, China, Korea, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and the US were examined. Web site: http://www.ntu.edu.sg/idss/network_02.htm.
  87. Regional Forum on Trans-shipment Controls. Bangkok, 11-13 December 2002. Hosted by the Royal Thai Government, the US Departments of Commerce and State, and the US Customs Service. Attended by government security officials from East and Southeast Asian countries and representatives from 35 companies and trade associations. This conference addressed improvements in trade security, particularly in the area of nonproliferation export. Web site: http://www.usembassy.it/file2002_12/alia/a2121204.htm.
  88. Building an East Asian Community: Visions and Strategies. Seoul, 11 December 2002. The Asiatic Research Center, Korea University and the Khyunghyang Daily News jointly sponsored this conference. Scholars from South Korea, the US, Europe, Canada and Japan discussed prospects and strategies for regional cooperation and community building in East Asia. The conference was divided into three panels: East Asian regionalism in a comparative perspective; the practices of the East Asian community; and a final panel in which workable strategies and policy prescriptions for regional cooperation and community building in East Asia were discussed. Additional funding came from the Korea Research Foundation and Nurimedia Co., Ltd. Contact: Asiatic Research Center, tel: 02-3290-1601, fax: 02-923-4661, e-mail: arc@arc.re.kr, Web site: http://www.arc.re.kr.
  89. Conference on the Military and Democracy in Indonesia. Washington, 11 December 2002. Approximately 60 participants, mostly government and military officials, analysts and business executives. The majority of the participants were Americans, but there were also representatives of the embassies of Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Netherlands, the Philippines, Singapore, the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office in the United States (TECRO), Thailand and US and Japanese corporations. The main agenda items were civil-military relations in Indonesia, the progress of Indonesian military reform, and US policy toward Indonesia and US-Indonesian military-to-military relations. The conference was organized and sponsored by RAND and the United States-Indonesia Society. Contact: fax: 310-451-6960, Web site: www.rand.org/nsrd/capp/about.html.
  90. The Responsibility to Protect Report of the ICISS. Tokyo, 16 December 2002. Co-organized by the Canadian embassy and the United Nations University. Participants from Australia, Canada, Japan, Singapore, and the United Nations tackled the following topics: an overview of the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty (ICISS) Report, Responsibility to Protect, and the significance of September 11 events to the recommendations; national views from Canada, Australia and Japan on the Responsibility to Protect concept; and implications of the Responsibility to Protect report for the Asian region. Contact: the United Nations University, tel: 81-3 3499-2811, fax: 81-3-3499-2828, e-mail: mbox@hq.unu.edu, Web site: http://www.unu.edu.