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II. Multilateral - Nongovernmental/Track II Meetings

  1. Japan's Foreign Policy in Pacific Asia
  2. Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs: "Nuclear Proliferation and Security in the Pacific Rim: Problems and Prospects"
  3. The Northeast Asia Economic Conference
  4. CSCAP Workshop on Preventive Diplomacy
  5. U.S. Engagement Policy in a Changing Asia: A Time for Reassessment?
  6. 2nd International Cadets Conference
  7. 4th International Seminar on Defense Science
  8. Economic Instruments Achieve Security Objectives: Incentives, Sanctions and Non-Proliferation
  9. Asia Leaders' Forum
  10. Towards Comprehensive Security and Cooperation in the Asia Pacific
  11. "Missiles, Theater Missile Defense and Regional Stability" The 2nd Annual US-China Conference on Arms Control
  12. The 27th Williamsburg Conference
  13. CSCAP Meeting on Comprehensive and Cooperative Security
  14. 11th Meeting of the CSCAP Working Group on Confidence and Security Building Measures
  15. East Asia Regional Security Futures: First Collaborative Workshop
  16. 13th Asia Pacific Roundtable: Confidence Building and Conflict Reduction
  17. Progress in Economic Cooperation in Northeast Asia
  18. ASEAN Conference on ASEAN 2020: Vision, Crisis and Change
  19. United Nation Regional Disarmament Meeting. Asia and the Pacific

    • Japan's Foreign Policy in Pacific Asia. Tokyo, January 11-12. Organized by the Institute of Oriental Cultures, University of Tokyo. Topics discussed included The setting of Japan's Asia policy in context; United States policy toward Pacific Asia; East Asia's economic crisis; Japan's policy towards Northeast Asia and Pacific Asia; The United States and Japan's Northeast Asian regionalism; and ASEAN and Japan's Southeast Asian regionalism. Contact: Professor Takashi Inoguchi, University of Tokyo, fax: 81-3-5841-5898.
    • Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs: "Nuclear Proliferation and Security in the Pacific Rim: Problems and Prospects". Hilo, Hawaii, January 20-23. Approximately 25 non-governmental participants, including former officials from China, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, South Korea, Switzerland, and the US. Agenda items included: Nuclear Weapons Activities in the Pacific Rim (nuclear forces deployments of US, Russia and China; Indian and Pakistani nuclear testing; Japanese and Korean attitudes on nuclear weapons; the legacy of nuclear weapons testing in the Pacific); Plutonium and Civilian Nuclear Activities (Japans' acquisition policy; civilian nuclear power and Pacatom; safeguards; shipments and law of the sea; environmental clean-up of nuclear waste); and A Nuclear Weapon-Free Policy? (Treaty of Raratonga and nuclear weapon-free zones; North East Asia nuclear weapon free-zone; eliminating naval nuclear weapons). Contact: Claudia Vaughn, e-mail: pugwash@iol.it.
    • The Northeast Asia Economic Conference. Niigata, Japan, February 8-10. Organized in cooperation with the Economic Research Institute on Northeast Asia. Attended by 26 panelists from China, Japan, Mongolia, Russia, South Korea, the UN, and the US. Participants included academics, government officials, and business people. Main agenda items were the awarding of the Niigata prizes, keynote addresses on "The Prospects for Sustainable Development in Northeast Asia" and "Open Regional Cooperation in Northeast Asia", in addition to sessions on international transportation, regional development and environmental cooperation, and attracting direct investment. Political security matters were also briefly discussed. Contact: Organizers' Office, fax: 81-25-285-2787.
    • CSCAP Workshop on Preventive Diplomacy. Bangkok, February 28-March 2. Organized by CSCAP, in cooperation with the United States Institute of Peace (USIP). The workshop was conducted under the auspices of the CSCAP's International Working Group on Confidence and Security Building Measures. Approximately 80 participants attended, including representatives from 15 of the 18 CSCAP member/associate member committees, and 19 of the ARF's 22 members. Also attended by several government officials participating in their private capacities. Issues discussed included the ASEAN Regional Forum's development of preventive diplomacy mechanisms, including the role of NGOs as actors in Preventive Diplomacy, as well as discussions on creating a Statement of Principles of Preventive Diplomacy to better define the parameters and limits of the process in the Asia Pacific context. Case studies examining previous examples of preventive diplomacy within and beyond the region were also reviewed. Contact: Ralph Cossa, Pacific Forum/CSIS, fax: 1-808-599-8690, e-mail: rcossa@compuserve.com.
    • U.S. Engagement Policy in a Changing Asia: A Time for Reassessment?. Honolulu, March 1-2. Organized by the Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University. Approximately 225 participants representing over 30 countries. Main agenda items included assessing the current and projected social, economic, and leadership positions of Japan, Korean, China, the countries of South East Asia, and the South Asian region; discussing external relationships of the countries in the region; and considering the impact of these assessments on the current United States policy of engagement. Contact: James Graham, Conference Directorate, Institute for National Strategic Studies, fax: 1-202-685-3866, e-mail: grahamj@ndu.edu.
    • 2nd International Cadets Conference. Japan, March 5-12. Organized by the National Defense Academy. Attended by cadets from 13 nations including Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, ROK, Singapore, Thailand, United Kingdom and the US. Three issues were discussed: military exchange as a confidence-building measure; science and technology and security; and nuclear proliferation. Contact: National Defense Academy, fax: 81-468-44-5921.
    • 4th International Seminar on Defense Science. Japan, March 9-18. Organized by the National Defense Academy. Attended by middle rank officers of service academies from 13 nations including Australia, Canada, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, ROK, Russia, Singapore, Thailand, US, and Vietnam. Topics discussed focused on the concept of the teaching of military history, and methodology of the teaching of military history. Contact: National Defense Academy, fax: 81-468-44-5921.
    • Economic Instruments Achieve Security Objectives: Incentives, Sanctions and Non-Proliferation. Kanagawa, Japan, March 25-27. Organized by the Center for Global Partnership and the Social Science Research Council. Approximately 25 participants, mainly Abe fellows from Japan, the US, as well as Canada and Russia. Also, in their private capacities, 2 persons from the Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs and one from the American Embassy in Tokyo. On the agenda were sessions on analytical and theoretical issues; case studies of North Korea, China and South Asia; and policy implications. A summary of the highlights of the conference is being produced by the CGP. Contact: Takuya Toda, Abe Fellowship Program, fax: 813-5562-3504, e-mail: taktoda@gol.com.
    • Asia Leaders' Forum. Sydney, April 18-19. Hosted by the Asia-Australia Institute, University of New South Wales. The theme of the meeting was human security. Contact: Mr. Larry Strange, Director, or Dr. Michael Wesley, Research Fellow, Asia-Australia Institute, fax: 612-9385-9221/9220.
    • Towards Comprehensive Security and Cooperation in the Asia Pacific. Vladivostok, April. 24-27. Sponsored by the Far Eastern State University (Vladivostok) in cooperation with the Moscow State Institute of International Relations and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. Approximately 40 participants and 30 observers, including academics and officials from foreign and defence ministries, in their private capacities, from Australia, Brunei, Cambodia, Canada, China, the European Union, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Mongolia, Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, ROK, Russia, Singapore, Thailand, US and Vietnam. The conference included three plenary sessions on "New Challenges to Economic Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific: Strategic Impact"; "The Pacific Concord: Defining Guiding Principles and Norms of Cooperation and Strengthening Confidence"; and "Cooperative Security in the Asia Pacific: Balance of Power or Balance of Interests". Discussions focused on drafts prepared by the Russian delegation relating to principles guiding state-to-state relations in the Asia Pacific Region. On the agenda was also a review of the ARF's achievements over the years and an confidence building measures. The conference was a follow-up of the Seminar on Principles of Security and Stability which was held in Moscow in April 1996. Contact: Far Eastern State University, Department of International Programs, fax: 7-4232-257200, e-mail: idp@online.ru, web site: www.dvgu.ru.
    • "Missiles, Theater Missile Defense and Regional Stability" The 2nd Annual US-China Conference on Arms Control. Monterey, CA, April 27-29. Co-sponsored with the Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute.
    • The 27th Williamsburg Conference. Cheju, Korea, May 7-10. Organized by Asia Society, The Sejong Institute and Korea International Trade Association. Attended by 54 academics, officials, business leaders and journalists from Australia, Canada, China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand, and the US. Agenda items were Asia in the International Economic System; Social and Political Change; Peace and Security on the Korean Peninsula; and Reconciliation, Peace and Security in the Region. Contact: Asia Society, fax: 1-212-517-8315, e-mail: russek@asiasoc.org.
    • CSCAP Meeting on Comprehensive and Cooperative Security. Beijing, May 25-26. Co-chaired by China and New Zealand. Attended by economists and security experts. The theme of the conference was "How to Strengthen Economic Cooperation to better Ensure Regional Security". Topics addressed through the "traditional security" discourse included the changing role of ASEAN as the manager of regional order, the continued centrality of ASEAN and the ARF, preventing the rise of mutual suspicion within ASEAN, security challenges arising from internal stability and environmental hazards, the strategic uncertainty in southeast Asia precipitated by the financial crisis, and the increased influence of major power relations on regional equilibrium. Issues discussed through the "economic security" discourse included increasing ASEAN economic integration and cooperation, the establishment of a regional stabilization fund, the establishment of a regional surveillance mechanism and an Asian-based debt rating agency, conceptualizing an economic security index, and encouragement of existing institutions such as the IMF to consult with members of the private sector, banks, and civil society on how to address economic security issues. Contact: CSCAP China, fax: 86-10-6559-8133 or 86-10-6512-3744, e-mail: ccis@mx.cei.gov.cn.
    • 11th Meeting of the CSCAP Working Group on Confidence and Security Building Measures. Seoul, May 25-27. 25 participants, representing 12 CSCAP member committees. The focus of discussions was to identify, define and promote regional CSBMs associated with the peaceful, safe and transparent use of nuclear energy. Participants from Canada, China, Japan and Taiwan also presented overviews of their respective nuclear energy programs. The meeting also included a review and demonstration of the prototype Asia Pacific Nuclear Energy Transparency Web Site which is currently being developed. Contact: CSCAP-ROK, fax: 82-2-393-7272, e-mail: cscaprok@bubble.yonsei.ac.kr.
    • East Asia Regional Security Futures: First Collaborative Workshop. Shanghai, May 29-30. Sponsored by the Nautilus Institute and the Center for American Studies, Fudan University. 16 participants from institutions in China, Japan and US. Agenda items were Perspectives on Current Events; China-Japan-US Relations; Theater Missile Defense and Arms Control; Korea and Regional Security in Northeast Asia; Proliferation, Disarmament, & the South Asian Nuclear Tests; Controlling Proliferation; Prospects for Nuclear Reductions; and Overview of Long-term Security Prospects. Issues discussed included the NATO bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade, the release of the Cox report, the promulgation of the new US-Japan guidelines for security cooperation, the Japanese decision to participate in theater missile defense research, the importance and dangers of tensions on the Korean peninsula, the strategic implications for US policy of DPRK nuclear capabilities, William Perry's report, the South Asian nuclear tests, the nonproliferation policies of Japan and the PRC, limited nuclear weapons free zones (NFZ), and hopes and concerns about security prospects in East Asia in the next ten years. Contact: Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainable Development, fax: 1-510-204-9298, e-mail: nautilus@nautilus.org, web site: http://www.nautilus.org/
    • 13th Asia Pacific Roundtable: Confidence Building and Conflict Reduction. Kuala Lumpur, May 30-June 2. Organized by ISIS Malaysia and ASEAN-ISIS. Major funding from the Canadian International Development Agency. 240 participants from Australia, Brunei, Cambodia, Canada, China, DPRK, Fiji, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Zealand, Philippines, ROK, Russia, Singapore, Thailand, US, and Vietnam, as well as representatives of the World Bank, U.N., IMF, and participants from Africa, Britain, France, and Hong Kong. Also present were 11 observers. Agenda items included: Perceptions: The Five Greatest Challenges To Asia Pacific Security; Globalization: The Benefits, The Threats; Stabilising Financial Markets: What Needs To Be Done; Northeast Asia: Is There Hope for Cooperation?; The Future of Civil Society in Asia; Transnational Crime and the Asian Financial Crisis; Indonesia: Can the Centre Hold?; China: Can It Keep the Lid On?; Japan: An Internationalized Yen?; The Asian Financial Crisis and Social Change; ASEAN 10: Meeting the Challenges; Raising Military Stakes in the North Pacific: How Necessary? What Cost to Regional Security?; Women and Leadership in Asia; Joint Development in Cases of Dispute; Comprehensive Security: Concepts and Realities in Asia; Myanmar in ASEAN: Overcoming The Problems; Malaysia: What Next?; Cambodia: Peace At Last?; Environment, Development and Security: Issues and Responses; Moving from Confidence Building to Preventive Diplomacy: The Possibilities; The Korean Peninsula: New Challenges to Stability; Strengthening Maritime Cooperation in the Asia Pacific; Lessons from Kosovo; and Europe in Asia: Peripheral or Full Partner?. Contact: ISIS-Malaysia, fax: 603-293-9430.
    • Progress in Economic Cooperation in Northeast Asia. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, June 9. Hosted by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Government of Mongolia. The Northeast Asia Forum and the Economic Research Institute of Northeast Asia also assisted in the design of the conference. The main theme of the conference was economic cooperation in Northeast Asia and the Tumen Region. Contact: Dr. David Husband, Tumen Secretariat, fax: 86-10-6532-6465, e-mail: tumen@public.un.org.cn.
    • ASEAN Conference on ASEAN 2020: Vision, Crisis and Change. Singapore, July 21-22. Organized by the Singapore Institute for International Affairs. Major funding from the Canadian International Development Agency. Attended by scholars, policy makers and non-governmental organizations. Countries represented included Cambodia, Canada, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. Agenda items were: Economic Measures: How Bold, How Measured?; Driving the ARF: Engine or Autopilot?; A Community of Caring Peoples: Human Development, Human Rights; The Lessons of Enlargement; How We Change or Cooperate; Institutionalizing ASEAN and the Asia-Pacific; and Turning the Vision into Action. Contact: Betty Chin, SIIA, fax: 65-733-6217, e-mail: siia@pacific.net.sg.
    • United Nation Regional Disarmament Meeting. Asia and the Pacific. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, August 3-5. Participants include Canada, China, Japan, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, ROK, Russia, Thailand, US. The main subject of the meeting was "Security Concepts in the Changing World". The main agenda items were: Security Concept in Asia and the Pacific; Security Environment in the Asia and Pacific Region; Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zones: Promoting Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament; and Mongolia's International Security and Nuclear-Weapon-Free Status. The issues to be discussed include: Security Concepts (including military and nuclear doctrine); Security of Small States; Information Technology and National Defense; Institutionalization of Security Talks and consultation: the Kathmandu Process; Definition of Security Today; National Security vs. Regional and International Security; How to Respond to Commonly Shared Challenges; Latin America and the Caribbean (on the implementation of the Tlatelolco); South Pacific (on the implementation of the Rortonga Treaty); Southeast Asia (on the implementation of the Bangkok Treaty); Consolidation of Mongolia's Nuclear-Weapon-Free Status; and Assuring Mongolia's Independence, Economic Security and Ecological Balance. Contact: International Organization's Department, Ministry of External Relations, Mongolia, fax: 976-1-322127, e-mail: mongmer@magicnet.mn.