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1998 Inventory: Additions or Revisions

(Last updated April 20, 1999)

Multilateral - Nongovernmental/Track II Meetings

  1. Asian Concepts of Comprehensive Security and Their Implication for Europe
  2. The Future of the ARF
  3. National Defense University Pacific Symposium: "The Asian Financial Crisis: Security Risks and Opportunities"
  4. US-China Security Cooperation in Northeast Asia
  5. The Challenges for Preventive Diplomacy in Asia-Pacific
  6. Asia's Emerging Regional Order
  7. Defense, Technology and Cooperative Security in South Asia
  8. APAP Forum
  9. Fourth Asia-Pacific Conference on Education and Culture
  10. Development and Security in Southeast Asia
  11. The Asian Crisis: Meeting the Challenges to Human Security
  12. The Asia-Pacific Security Forum: "Security Implications of the Asian Financial Crisis"

Multilateral - Nongovernmental/Track II Meetings

  1. Asian Concepts of Comprehensive Security and Their Implication for Europe. Japan, January 23-25. Attended by scholars from numerous countries and regions in Asia, Europe and USA. Organized by Raymond Feddema from the University of Amsterdam and Kurt Werner Radtke from Leiden University. Sponsored by the Asia Committee of the European Science Foundation, the International Institute for Asia Studies (Leiden), The Research School CNWS of the Faculty of Arts (Leiden University), and the Embassy of the Netherlands in Tokyo. Discussions focused on concepts of security and regional order in an academic and co- operative spirit. The issues addressed included cultural and ideological differences between societies and the legacy of the cold war. Contact: Kurt Radtke, e-mail: radtke@mn.waseda.ac.jp.
  2. The Future of the ARF. Singapore, April 27-28. Organized by the Institute of Defense and Strategic Studies (IDSS) and supported by the Ford Foundation. Attended by scholars and officials (in their private capacities). Presenters were from Australia, China, Germany, India, Japan, UK and USA. Presenters shared their perspective and views on the issue from the vantage point of their respective countries. Agenda items were National perspective of the ARF and its agenda; The ARF so far: an evolution; Looking ahead: from CBMs to preventive diplomacy; and How future ARF Track II seminars can be developed. Also discussed were the link between economics and security, and putting non-military issues on the ARF agenda. Contact: IDSS, Singapore, fax: 65-793-2991.
  3. National Defense University Pacific Symposium: "The Asian Financial Crisis: Security Risks and Opportunities". Washington, D.C., May 5-6. Contact: National Defense University Conference Directorate, fax: 1-202-685-3866, e-mail: garners@ndu.edu, web site: www.ndu.edu.
  4. US-China Security Cooperation in Northeast Asia. Honolulu, May 26- 28. Organized by the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies and the United States Institute of Peace. Attended by 36 participants from 4 countries. Participants included scholars, analysts, and policy makers. The main theme was Sino-American cooperation on the Korean peninsula. Topics discussed included prospects for change in North Korea, prospects for North-South dialogue, and the role of China and the US in regards to the Korean conflict. Contact: Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies, Fax: 1-808-971-9899. Contact: Captain Robert Speer, APCSS, fax: 1- 808-971-8989, e-mail: apcss24@pixi.net, web site: http://www.pacom.mil/apc/.
  5. The Challenges for Preventive Diplomacy in Asia-Pacific. Beijing, July 20-21. Co-sponsored by The Japan Forum on International Relations, Inc. (JFIR) and the China Institute of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR). 34 participants from Australia, Germany, Indonesia, Japan, PRC, ROK, Thailand, USA Agenda items were Relationships between confidence-building measures and preventive diplomacy; and Preventive diplomacy in Asia Pacific.
  6. Asia's Emerging Regional Order. Canberra, August 31-September 1 and Brisbane, September 3-4. Co-sponsored by AUS-CSCAP, the Japan Foundation, Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, the Australian Defense Force Academy's Defense Studies Centre, the University of Queensland's International Relations and Asia Politics Research Unit, and Griffith University's Centre for the Study of Australian Asia Relations. Attended by regional scholars and experts. The main theme of the conference was reconciling "traditional" and "human" security issues and addressing the concept of "national security". Issues discussed included concepts of human security and how those apply to various Asia-Pacific and international developments, structural concerns, the role of NGOs, and the role of regional organizations (ASEAN and the ARF). Also, specific case studies were examined, including the Ottawa Treaty on anti-personnel land mines.
  7. Defense, Technology and Cooperative Security in South Asia. Shanghai, September 21-29. Co-organized by the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (RCSS), Colombo, and the Center for American Studies of Fudan University of Shanghai. Attended by 31 professionals from public and private sector institutions, research, media, academia and NGOs from Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, PRC and Sri Lanka. The issues discussed were defense, national security and regional stability and confidence building in South Asia. Discussions focused on Conceptual issues and recent strategic trends; Sources of threats and key policy issues; How to reduce threats; Logic and practice of cooperative security; Conventional military balance and build up; Missile procurement, development and deployments; Nuclear policy and posture of India, China and Pakistan; Global nuclear disarmament: progress and prospects; Nuclear non-proliferation; Nuclear energy and nuclear weapons; Confidence building measures; Track II, Media, NGO and the private sector; and Alternative thinking and approaches towards cooperative security. Contact: RCSS, e-mail: rcss@sri.lanka.net.
  8. APAP Forum. Singapore, October 9-10. Agenda items were Governance and a Sustainable System of Development; The role of ASEAN in the Asia Pacific Community Building process in light of the financial crisis and the expansion of ASEAN; and exploration of the cutting edge issues which will provide for future research. Contact: Japan Center for International Exchange, web site: www.jcie.or.jp.
  9. Fourth Asia-Pacific Conference on Education and Culture. Brisbane, Australia, November 23-25. Organized by the University of Asia and the Pacific, Philippines. Attended by scholars and educators. The conference was a venue for discussions and exchange of ideas, which gave participants an opportunity to put aside cultural differences and address common goals, affirm solutions and bridge gaps. Contact: Jose Maria G. Mariano, University of Asia and the Pacific, fax: 632-635-3140, e-mail: e&c@cas.uap.edu.ph.
  10. Development and Security in Southeast Asia. Manila, Philippines, December 15-18. Co-sponsored by the Institute for Strategic and Development Studies (ISDS), York Centre for International and Security Studies (YCISS), and the Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). 28 participants from Australia, Canada, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Also, 10 observers, including officials from Canada, Philippines and Vietnam. The main themes discussed in the meeting were the Environment, Development, and Security; Peoples, Productivity and Development; Globalization and Development; and Social Capital. Some of the topics addressed included challenges of globalization at the grassroots level, the East Asian crisis, financial liberalization policies, political changes and responses to globalization, linkages between independence and security, the relationship between globalization and human rights, the linkage between environment and security, relationship between society and the state, the global economic impact on the environment, state security and human security. Contact: ISDS, Philippines, E-mail: isdsphil@cnl.net.
  11. The Asian Crisis: Meeting the Challenges to Human Security. Tokyo, December 2-3. Co-sponsored by the Japan Center for International Exchanges (JCIE) and the Institute of Southeast Asia Studies (ISEAS), Singapore. Issues discussed included social consequences of the economic crisis, the role that intellectual dialogue can play in meeting the human security challenges resulting from the crisis, the role of governments, international organizations and civil society, and the future beyond the crisis.
  12. The Asia-Pacific Security Forum: "Security Implications of the Asian Financial Crisis". Manila, December 19-20. Co-sponsored by the Institute for National Policy Research (INPR), the Institute for Strategic and Development (ISDS), and the Institut Français des Relation Internationales. Agenda items were Impact on regional institution- building; The political and social dimensions of economic stabilization and financial austerity; Political stability and regional security; Paths to economic recovery: the role of US, China, Japan and Taiwan; Re-examining the global and regional mechanisms for crisis-management and crisis-prevention; and New agenda for regional economic and security cooperation. Contact: Institute for National Policy Research, Taiwan, fax: 886-2-2696-2766