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I. Track 1—Governmental Meetings

  1. 4th ASEAN Ministers Meeting (AMM) on Transnational Crime and 1st AMM+3 Meeting on Transnational Crime
  2. Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Foreign Ministers Non-regular Meeting
  3. ASEAN and South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Secretariats Planning Workshop
  4. The Fourth Consultation Between the ASEAN Economic Ministers and the European Union Trade Commissioner (4TH AEM-EU Consultation)
  5. Ministerial Meeting on Combating the Spread of Avian Influenza
  6. 17th ASEAN-US Dialogue
  7. Regional Ministerial Meeting on Counter-Terrorism
  8. 1st ASEAN Plus Three Energy Security Forum
  9. Workshop on "Civil-Military Relations and the Rule of Law"
  10. ASEAN SOM
  11. Trilateral Coordination Oversight Group (TCOG)
  12. Six-Party Talks on North Korea - Second Round
  13. 6th ASEAN-ROK Meeting of the Joint Planning and Review Committee
  14. China-ASEAN Special Meeting on Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Control
  15. ASEAN Foreign Ministers Retreat
  16. Japan-OSCE "Search for Effective Conflict Prevention in the New Security Circumstance - European Security Mechanisms and Security in Asia"
  17. ARF Workshop on Preventive Diplomacy
  18. Joint ASEAN Plus Three Senior Policy Seminar on Monetary and Financial Integration in East Asia: The Way Ahead
  19. Special SEOM, SEOM Plus Three, SEOM-MOFCOM, SEOM-METI, SEOM-Assistant USTR, SEOM-India, SEOM-CER, SEOM-EU
  20. 7th ASEAN-India Working Group on Development Cooperation Meeting and 5th ASEAN-India JCC and 6th ASEAN-India Senior Officials Meeting
  21. ASEAN-Japan Committee on Comprehensive Economic Partnership (AJCCEP) Meeting
  22. ASEAN-Canada Dialogue Meeting
  23. Second ARF Inter-Sessional Meeting on Counter-Terrorism and Transnational Crime
  24. ASEAN-Australia Development Cooperation Program (AADCP) Joint Planning Committee Meeting
  25. Asian High-Level Symposium on Threats, Challenge and Change
  26. 20th ASEAN-Japan Forum
  27. ARF Inter-Sessional Support Group on Confidence Building Measures
  28. ASEAN-Russia Joint Planning and Monitoring Committee (JPMC)
  29. ASEM Foreign Ministers Meeting (FMM 6)
  30. 7th ASEAN Health Ministers Meeting and 1st ASEAN+3 Health Ministers Meeting
  31. 3rd Meeting of the ASEAN Plus Three Director-Generals
  32. 5th ASEAN-China Joint Cooperation Committee (ACJCC)
  33. ASEAN SOM on draft Plans of Action for ASEAN Security Community and ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community
  34. Special ASEAN SOM, ASEAN Plus Three SOM & ARF SOM, ASEAN/ ARF Senior Officials Meeting, ASEAN SOM Retreat on the ASEAN Security Community Plan of Action
  35. ASEAN-Russia SOM
  36. Second Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) Working Group on Energy Security
  37. 8th Meeting of the ASEAN-ROK Dialogue
  38. 10th ASEAN-China Senior Officials Consultations
  39. ASEAN, ASEAN Energy Ministers, ASEAN+3, and APEC Energy Ministerial Meetings on Energy Security
  40. Meeting of ASEAN SOM on the ASEAN Security Community Plan Of Action
  41. Bali Process Senior Officials Meeting
  42. Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Summit
  43. First Meeting of China-Japan-ROK Three Party Committee
  44. ASEAN-China Foreign Ministers Informal Meeting
  45. 3rd Asia Cooperation Dialogue Foreign Ministers' Meeting/ Retreat
  46. Six-Party Talks on North Korea - Third Round
  47. ASEAN SOM
  48. Meeting between ASEAN Senior Officials and the Working Group for an ASEAN Human Rights Mechanism
  49. 37th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting (AMM)
  50. 5th AMM +3, ASEAN +3 SOM, ASEAN+3 DGs Meeting
  51. ASEAN+1 PMC Sessions, ASEAN PMC+10 Retreat
  52. 11th ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), Meeting of ARF Defence and Military Officials

  1. 4th ASEAN Ministers Meeting (AMM) on Transnational Crime and 1st AMM+3 Meeting on Transnational Crime
    Bangkok, January 7-10
    ASEAN Ministers expressed concern at the increasing trend of transnational crime, including terrorism, illicit drug trafficking, arms smuggling, money laundering, sea piracy, cyber crime and trafficking in persons. They stated the need for a legal framework for cooperating on these issues. ASEAN +3 Ministers reaffirmed their conviction to fight terrorism and other transnational crimes, and to support the building of an ASEAN Security Community. They agreed that this meeting should also address non-traditional security issues and the root causes of those issues, such as poverty and development gaps. ASEAN and China signed a memorandum of understanding on cooperation in the field of non-traditional security issues, including commitment to practical cooperation strategies in areas such as information sharing, personnel exchange, law enforcement and joint research.
    Web site: www.aseansec.org/15649.htm and www.aseansec.org/15645.htm
  2. Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Foreign Ministers Non-regular Meeting
    Beijing, January 15
    The foreign ministers from the six SCO member states—China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Russia and Uzbekistan, as well as the Secretary-General of SCO and the director of the Regional Anti-Terrorism Center established by SCO. They gathered to discuss matters in the lead-up to a summit to be held later in 2004 and to launch the Secretariat, which will be run by China.
    Web site: http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/eng/topics/sco/t58603.htm
  3. ASEAN and South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Secretariats Planning Workshop
    Jakarta, January 19-21
    During the Workshop, officials from the two Secretariats exchanged information and updated each other on their ongoing activities and future Work Plan. On the basis of previously identified areas of cooperation, they drew up a Partnership Work Plan for the year 2004-2005 consisting of several collaborative activities and the Guidelines for SAARC-ASEAN Secretariats Partnership.
  4. The Fourth Consultation Between the ASEAN Economic Ministers and the European Union Trade Commissioner (4TH AEM-EU Consultation)
    Yogyakarta, Indonesia, January 20
    Ministers exchanged views on global economic situation, developments in economic integration within the two regions, and the status of free trade/ closer economic partnership negotiations between ASEAN and China, Japan and Korea, and advice was given on formation of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) based on EU experience. Also discussed realization of the Trans-regional EU-ASEAN Trade Initiative (TREATI), intended to boost trade and investment flows. Also reaffirmed their commitment to successful conclusion of the WTO Doha Development Agenda.
    Web site: www.aseansec.org/15663.htm
  5. Ministerial Meeting on Combating the Spread of Avian Influenza
    Bangkok, January 28
    Attended by agriculture and public health ministers from Cambodia, China, EC, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, U.S. and Vietnam, as well as representatives from the World Organization on Animal Health (OIE), WHO and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Ministers shared information on the impact to affected economies and counter-measures that had been taken thus far, recognizing the disease as a serious threat to the poultry population and also to human health. They called for international cooperation between governments, business and communities and stressed cooperation on research, best practices, and development of low-cost diagnostic kits, vaccines and medicine. Also discussed need for better surveillance networks, sharing of information and technology and capacity building in less-developed countries. Agreed to greater transparency and promptness of action to prevent the spread of further outbreaks. Organized by the Government of Thailand.
    Web site: www.aseansec.org/15979.htm
  6. 17th ASEAN-US Dialogue
    Bangkok, January 29-30
    Attended by delegates from the ten ASEAN countries, U.S. and the ASEAN Secretariat. They stressed the importance of people to people exchange and increased travel flow between their countries, and discussed the ASEAN-US Work Plan on Counter-Terrorism and the need for increased cooperation particularly on maritime security and other transnational issues, such as human trafficking, infectious diseases, illicit drugs and their human security impacts. They stressed the importance of capacity building and technical support for countries in the region. They then talked about Iraq (ASEAN reaffirming its desire for the UN to play a strong role), Middle East and the Korean peninsula. They welcomed the establishment of an ASEAN Security Community (ASC) and ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) and reaffirmed commitment to enhancing ties and trade between them.
    Web site: www.aseansec.org/15982.htm
  7. Regional Ministerial Meeting on Counter-Terrorism
    Bali, February 4-5
    Foreign affairs and law enforcement ministers and representatives from Brunei, Cambodia, Canada, China, East Timor, EU, Fiji, France, Germany, India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, Thailand, U.K., U.S. and Vietnam. Also observers from ASEAN, Pacific Islands Forum, APEC and APG Secretariats, Interpol and various UN institutions. They stressed the need for cooperation on terrorism and other issues given their negative transnational and regional economic impacts, and the vital role of the UN. They reviewed coordinated successes and made concrete recommendations for strengthening collaboration. They agreed to the establishment of a legal working group to research existing frameworks and recommend legislative changes for combating terrorism more successfully. Finally the called for cooperation between governments, all relevant agencies and business in fighting terrorism. Organized by the Governments of Australia and Indonesia.
    Web site: www.aseansec.org/16000.htm
  8. 1st ASEAN Plus Three Energy Security Forum
    Cebu, February 11
  9. Workshop on "Civil-Military Relations and the Rule of Law"
    Brunei, February 11-12
    Organized by the governments of Brunei and U.S.
  10. ASEAN SOM
    Jakarta, February 19-21
    Preparation for March foreign ministers retreat. Indonesia proposed the creation of a regional peacekeeping force. Singapore expressed concern that it was not yet time to form such a force given that ASEAN is not a security or defence organization. Other suggestions made were for an extradition treaty, non-aggression treaty, a convention on counter-terrorism, and an arms register. Included initial discussions on ASEAN Security Community (ASC) and what that institution would be composed of and look like.
  11. Trilateral Coordination Oversight Group (TCOG)
    Seoul, February 23
    Foreign ministry officials from Japan, Korea and U.S. gathered for unofficial policy coordination and consultation on the issues of North Korea in the lead up to the next six-party talks.
  12. Six-Party Talks on North Korea - Second Round
    Beijing, February 25-
    Second round of talks between China, DPRK, Japan, Korea, Russia and the U.S. to resolve the North Korean nuclear issue. There was consensus that six-party talks are the appropriate way to resolve the issue for peace and prosperity on the peninsula. They met to discuss a South Korean proposal to compensate North Korea for dismantling its programme in three phases. North Korea proposed to freeze and eventually dismantle its nuclear facilities in return for the security guarantee that the US must promise not to attack and to deliver some economic compensation for its energy losses. South Korea proposed to offer economic assistance in response to the nuclear freeze, which was supported by China and Russia. All parties agreed to continue the dialogue process and to have the third round of talks before June 2004. In addition, they agreed to have some working group meetings prior to the talk in order to narrow some differences on how to end the stand-off and to deal with some of the more complex technical issues.
  13. 6th ASEAN-ROK Meeting of the Joint Planning and Review Committee
    Yangon, February 25-26
  14. China-ASEAN Special Meeting on Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) Control
    Beijing, March 2
    Attended by agriculture and public health ministers from China, and the 10 ASEAN countries, representatives from the World Organization on Animal Health (OIE), WHO and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and representatives from Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions of China. Agreed that collective efforts must be made given the negative impacts on agriculture, economy, trade and human health. Examples are exchange of information through various technology networks creating an early warning system, enhanced quarantine and inspection measures, personnel exchange and training, and strengthening of cooperation between national governments and international organizations for prevention and control of the disease.
    Web site: www.aseansec.org/16003.htm
  15. ASEAN Foreign Ministers Retreat
    Vietnam, March 4
    Foreign ministers from all ASEAN countries and representatives of ASEAN Secretariat. They discussed the creation of various communities in accordance with the October 2003 Bali Concord, Iraq, Middle East, North Korean nuclear crisis and tensions between China and Taiwan ahead of Taiwan's presidential election, reaffirming their one-China stance. The most heated debate was over whether Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar could participate in the ASEM Summit later this year as the 10 new EU countries will be, however the EU is opposed to Myanmar's participation given its human rights record.
    Web site: www.eubusiness.com/afp/040305073348.yt30c3cn
  16. Japan-OSCE "Search for Effective Conflict Prevention in the New Security Circumstance—European Security Mechanisms and Security in Asia"
    Tokyo, March 15-16
    More than 150 participants: representatives of the 55 OSCE member countries, Conflict Prevention Centre of the OSCE, OSCE partners for cooperation such as Afghanistan, Egypt, Japan, Jordan, Korea, Thailand, officials from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan, security experts from both European and Asian countries and representatives of the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) and many other international organizations. The participants from Asia and Europe shared their views on common security challenges such as terrorism, proliferation of WMD, trafficking of small arms and light weapons, and drug and human trafficking, and explored the possibility of future cooperation between the two regions.
    Web site: http://www.osce.org/documents/cio/2004/03/2645_en.pdf
  17. ARF Workshop on Preventive Diplomacy
    Tokyo, March 16-17
    Planned to coincide with the above-mentioned Japan-OSCE security conference. A review of developments by the ARF in preventive diplomacy. Discussions were on the "Concept and Principles of Preventive Diplomacy" and also how to move the ARF process forward. Organized by the governments of Japan and Thailand.
  18. Joint ASEAN Plus Three Senior Policy Seminar on Monetary and Financial Integration in East Asia: The Way Ahead
    Manila, March 18-19
    Co-organized by Asian Development Bank and Ministry of Finance, Philippines.
  19. Special SEOM, SEOM Plus Three, SEOM-MOFCOM, SEOM-METI, SEOM-Assistant USTR, SEOM-India, SEOM-CER, SEOM-EU
    Bangkok, March 22-27
    Meetings of economic officials from ASEAN, followed by meeting of economic ministers from ASEAN+3, followed by bilateral meetings with China, EU, India, Japan, Korea, and U.S. and a meeting with Australia and New Zealand.
  20. 7th ASEAN-India Working Group on Development Cooperation Meeting and 5th ASEAN-India JCC and 6th ASEAN-India Senior Officials Meeting
    Vientiane, March 23-27
    They reviewed the progress in implementing plans on cooperation between ASEAN and India. They also discussed future cooperation programs in trade, investment, telecommunications, science, technology, medical services and personnel training in support of an Initiative on ASEAN Integration (IAI) and an ASEAN-India free trade area. The participants also exchanged views on cooperation in information technology, and exchange of businesspeople, tourists and students between ASEAN and India.
  21. ASEAN-Japan Committee on Comprehensive Economic Partnership (AJCCEP) Meeting
    Tokyo, March 25
    Meeting between ASEAN and Japan to work on the rules of origin of the framework for economic cooperation.
  22. ASEAN-Canada Dialogue Meeting
    Bandar Seri Begawan, March 30-31
    Attended by government representatives from all ASEAN countries and Canada and the ASEAN Secretariat. Canada expressed its wish to revamp its relationship with the region, especially in areas of economics and trade, especially given the growing trade relationship and increasing Canadian investment in ASEAN. They suggested cooperation on information communications technology (ICT), human resource development and infectious diseases, especially HIV/ AIDS.
    Web site: http://www.aseansec.org/16019.htm
  23. Second ARF Inter-Sessional Meeting on Counter-Terrorism and Transnational Crime
    Manila, March 30-31
    Attended by representatives of Australia, Brunei, Cambodia, Canada, China, EU, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, Thailand, U.S., and Vietnam. The ASEAN Secretariat, the International Law Enforcement Academy, and the Southeast Asia Regional Center on Counter-terrorism also participated in the Meeting. They provided updates on domestic legal measures as well as cooperation at national and international levels for counter-terrorism. They emphasized the need to find an appropriate balance between improving transport security, be at rail, road, air or sea, while ensuring the smooth flow of goods and people, as well as the need to avoid higher and more burdensome costs. Co-chaired by the governments of Russia and Philippines.
    Web site: http://www.aseansec.org/16101.htm
  24. ASEAN-Australia Development Cooperation Program (AADCP) Joint Planning Committee Meeting
    Canberra, March 31
  25. Asian High-Level Symposium on Threats, Challenge and Change
    Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China, April 2-4
    Approximately 50 participants from 20 countries, including members of the panel of eminent persons on UN reform and the UN's role, senior officials, scholars and experts. They discussed threats and challenges brought by modernization to world peace and security. They agreed that the world had more challenges now, adding to traditional security problems of war and conflict there are now many non-traditional security elements, including terrorism, cross-border crimes, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, abject poverty and AIDS. They felt that collective measures should be taken in response given the growing interconnectedness of theworld. They agreed the UN had a major role to play and should modernize given the new security situation. Finally they agreed that the international community needs to make a commitment to eradicating poverty and encouraging sustainable development.
  26. 20th ASEAN-Japan Forum
    Putra Jaya, Malaysia, April 6-7
    ASEAN and Japanese senior officials met to discuss ways to implement the ASEAN-Japan Plan of Action, which was created to realize the Tokyo Declaration for a Dynamic and Enduring ASEAN-Japan Partnership in the New Millennium signed at the commemorative summit in December 2003. They agreed to develop concrete project proposals based on the 120 measures identified in the plan of action covering broad political, security, economic and socio-cultural cooperation. Priority areas identified were development of the Mekong region, Brunei-Indonesia-Malaysia-Philippines East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA), human resource development and information and communication technology (ICT), to which Japan reaffirmed its financial commitment. Other areas discussed were transport, exchange of youth and researchers, expediting negotiations within the ASEAN-Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership and cooperation in non-traditional security issues. Finally, they exchanged views on the prospects for an East Asian Summit and an East Asian Community.
  27. ARF Inter-Sessional Support Group on Confidence Building Measures
    Yangon, April 11-14
    Representatives from Australia, Brunei, Cambodia, Canada, China, EU, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, New Zealand, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, Thailand, U.S., Vietnam and the ASEAN Secretariat attended the Meeting. They agreed that peace and stability in the region depended on cooperation and the ASEAN Security Community (ASC) was a good step in that direction. They stressed the need to resolve the North Korea issue and to cooperate on transnational crimes. They expressed satisfaction at the activities leading to the realization of the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea. They discussed non-traditional security issues and information-sharing and capacity-building to combat them, and reiterated their commitment to arms control. They discussed strengthening ties with other organizations and increasing Track 2 inclusion in future inter-sessional groups. Meeting included a whole day of Defence Officials Dialogue.
    Web site: http://www.aseansec.org/16096.htm
  28. ASEAN-Russia Joint Planning and Monitoring Committee (JPMC)
    Singapore, April 15
  29. ASEM Foreign Ministers Meeting (FMM 6)
    Dublin, April 17-18
    ASEM Foreign Ministers from ten Asian and 15 European nations met to discuss enlargement of ASEM, regional and international issues of mutual concern, and new cooperation initiatives, particularly in the economic field. They explored how to sustain international order through multilateralism, on which a declaration was signed. They exchanged views on pressing issues such as terrorism, conflict prevention, Korean peninsula, Afghanistan, Iraq, the Middle East and weapons of mass destruction. They affirmed that the UN had a crucial role to play. They agreed on the need to cooperate on infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS and SARS and migration and trafficking issues. Finally, they heard an update on the "Task Force for Closer Asia-Europe Cooperation". Contact Ms. Caitriona Ingoldsby, email: caitriona.ingoldsby@iveagh.gov.ie
    Web site: http://www.iias.nl/asem/asem2004/ASEM_FMM6.html
  30. 7th ASEAN Health Ministers Meeting and 1st ASEAN+3 Health Ministers Meeting
    Penang, April 22-23
    Health ministers from ASEAN, China, Japan and Korea met to discuss collaboration on health issues, which was agreed to at the 9th ASEAN Summit in Bali, 2003. The areas include infectious diseases, such as HIV/ AIDS, SARS, and avian flu and to improve access to affordable medicines. They agreed to the continuing need to share information and to aid each other in capacity building. They expressed a commitment to building a healthy and secure lifestyle for all members of the East Asian community.
    Web site: http://www.aseansec.org/16091.htm
  31. 3rd Meeting of the ASEAN Plus Three Director-Generals
    Beijing, April 29
  32. 5th ASEAN-China Joint Cooperation Committee (ACJCC)
    Beijing, April 30
  33. ASEAN SOM on draft Plans of Action for ASEAN Security Community and ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community
    Jakarta, May 2-3
    The senior officials from all ASEAN nations agreed to the newly created Plan of Action for the ASEAN Security Committee (ASC). The plan has six components—political development, shaping and sharing of norms, conflict prevention, conflict resolution, post-conflict peace building and an implementing mechanism. Indonesia was forced to make its timeline for an ASEAN peacekeeping force more flexible in response to backlash from other ASEAN nations. Some oppose the idea due to different military doctrines and levels of capability and others are concerned about territorial sovereignty.
  34. Special ASEAN SOM, ASEAN Plus Three SOM & ARF SOM, ASEAN/ ARF Senior Officials Meeting, ASEAN SOM Retreat on the ASEAN Security Community Plan of Action
    Yogyakarta, May 10-15
    Participants from all 10 ASEAN nations and the additional 13 ARF member nations. Talks aimed at laying the groundwork for the 37th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting to be held in June. Discussions on the Plan of Action for the ASC continued. They also discussed terrorism, the North Korean nuclear issue and cooperation for maritime security in the Straits of Malacca.
  35. ASEAN-Russia SOM
    Singapore, May 15-16
  36. Second Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) Working Group on Energy Security
    Philippines, May 19-20
    Participants were policymakers and some experts who are members of the ACD Energy Working Group (ACD-EWG) from the 22 ACD member countries (Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei, China, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Qatar, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam). Discussions were on ways to ensure long-term supplies of energy to Asian countries in order to sustain forecast economic growth such as exploring sources other than oil and some renewable sources. Their declaration on possible energy security policies and strategies was top be presented to the 3rd ACD Ministerial Meeting in June 2004. Hosted by the Philippines.
    Web site: http://www.mb.com.ph/BSNS200405209983.html
  37. 8th Meeting of the ASEAN-ROK Dialogue
    Seoul, May 24-25
    High-level officials from both Korea and the 10 ASEAN nations as well as from the ASEAN Secretariat.
  38. 10th ASEAN-China Senior Officials Consultations
    Sihanoukville, Cambodia, June 3-4
    Attended by the vice ministers of foreign affairs from the 10 ASEAN nations, plus China, and the ASEAN Secretary-General. Participants discussed deepening of China-ASEAN strategic partnership for peace and prosperity as well as international and regional issues of common interest. The meeting also made preparations for the informal Foreign Ministers' meeting between China and ASEAN on June 21 and the China-ASEAN Summit at the end of this year. They formed basic consensus on the nature of a China-ASEAN free trade area.
  39. ASEAN, ASEAN Energy Ministers, ASEAN+3, and APEC Energy Ministerial Meetings on Energy Security
    Manila, June 7-11
    Senior officials and energy ministers from the 10 ASEAN nations plus China, Japan and Korea, as well as additional APEC countries Australia, Canada, Chile, China, Hong Kong, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Russia, Taiwan and U.S. Participants discussed issues of energy and energy security in an environment of higher oil prices and terrorist threats. They discussed the challenges to energy security and possible solutions. Some options suggested were tapping renewable sources, oil stockpiling, diversifying sources, and providing better security for the shipping of energy supplies. They felt they could improve the situation by strengthening the regional network. ASEAN+3 energy ministers concluded a joint statement to cooperate on energy security issues.
  40. Meeting of ASEAN SOM on the ASEAN Security Community Plan Of Action
    Jakarta, June 13-15
    ASEAN senior officials discussed a possible action plan, which is expected to lead to creation of a security community and improve ASEAN members' co-operation in fighting transnational crimes, while setting up a regional mechanism capable of resolving regional disputes without outside interference. The draft maintains ASEAN's basis principles, including unanimity, non-interference in members' internal affairs, respect of national sovereignty, peaceful settlement of disputes and comprehensive security. It reaffirms ASEAN countries' commitments to prevent the use of their territory for acts against other members, and rejects outside military intervention in any form or expression. This draft is to be further discussed at the SOM just previous to the 37th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting. They also spoke about the upcoming Asia-Europe Summit (ASEM), due to be held in Hanoi this October, with ongoing discussions between Asia and Europe on expanding the summit's membership.
  41. Bali Process Senior Officials Meeting
    Brisbane, June 7-8
    139 Senior Officials representing 46 countries and eight international and regional organizations; from Afghanistan, Australia, Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, China, East Timor, Fiji, France (New Caledonia), Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Japan, Jordan, Kiribati, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, New Zealand, Pakistan, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tonga, Turkey, Vanuatu and Vietnam. There were also representatives of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and International Organization for Migration. Observers were present from Austria, Canada, Finland, Germany, Netherlands, Norway, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Switzerland, U.S. Other international organizations observing were Asia Pacific Consultation on Refugees, Displaced Persons and Migrants (APC), International Centre for Migration Policy Development Secretariat (ICMPD), Interpol, United Nations Development Program (UNDP), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), International Labor Organization (ILO) and International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. The meeting was convened to review objectives expounded at the Bali Regional Meeting on People Smuggling, Trafficking in persons and Related Transnational Crime in 2002 and 2003 and decide future steps. There was consensus that the Bali Process was successful in promoting awareness of human trafficking within the governments of the participating states and promoting the development of people smuggling and human trafficking legislation. Organized by the governments of Australia and Indonesia.
    Web site: http://www.mfac.gov.tp/media/mr040614e.html
  42. Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Summit
    Tashkent, June 17
    The leaders from the six SCO member states - China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Russia and Uzbekistan, as well as the leader of Afghanistan as a guest. Their discussions focused on fighting terrorism, in particular the extremism which breeds the hatred and terrorist acts. They called for regional cooperation to fight the problem and to show the SCO's seriousness in dealing with such issues. They vowed to help Afghanistan fight its drug issues and situation of being a safe haven for terrorists, in order to resolve some of the terrorism issues in their own countries. They called for greater multilateral trade and economic cooperation. They signed the Tashkent Declaration, summarizing the work of the organization to date and providing guidelines for the status of observer nations, conferring that status on non-member country Mongolia. The meeting also saw the official opening of the organization's new anti-terrorist agency, which is housed in Tashkent.
    Web site: http://www.vic-info.org/RegionsTop.nsf/0/0b6c676c6bf28fc20a256eb700717fb1?OpenDocument
  43. First Meeting of China-Japan-ROK Three Party Committee
    Qingdao, China, June 21
    The foreign ministers from China, Japan and Korea inaugurating the Three-Party Committee, which was established based on the historical Joint Declaration issued at the trilateral summit of China, Japan, and ROK in Bali, Indonesia, in October 2003, at the time of the ASEAN Summit. Expressing satisfaction with their closer economic relations, the three sides said they would continue the study on the trilateral free trade treaty currently conducted by the countries' think tanks. The ministers also emphasized the importance of energy cooperation. They also decided to conduct joint work to formulate the "Action Strategy on Trilateral Cooperation (ASTC)," which will be submitted to the next Trilateral Summit, to be held in Laos in November. The ASTC will outline measures on promoting trilateral cooperation in the 14 areas identified by the Joint Declaration. In addition to tripartite cooperation, the ministers exchanged views on interface with other regional partners, in view of the current progress in regional cooperation in East Asia, reaffirming their respect for the leading role of the ASEAN side in the ASEAN+3 process.
    Web site: http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/eng/topics/3rdministermeetingofacd/t140506.htm
  44. ASEAN-China Foreign Ministers Informal Meeting
    Qingdao, June 21
    Foreign ministers from 10 ASEAN countries plus China. The Ministers agreed on the formulation of the Plan of Action on Strengthening China-ASEAN Strategic partnership, to be adopted by ASEAN-China Leaders in Vientiane in November 2004, with a view to implementing the Joint Declaration on Strategic Partnership for Peace and Prosperity signed by leaders of the two sides in October 2003. They confirmed their support for an East Asian community with the ASEAN+3 framework as a basis for that. The Ministers also agreed that ASEAN and China should develop comprehensive frameworks for their cooperation in the five key areas, namely agriculture, information and communication technology (ICT), human resource development (HRD), Mekong basin development and mutual investment, as well as small and medium enterprises (SMEs), public health and science and technology. They also called for the admission of Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar to the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM).
    Web site: http://www.aseansec.org/16167.htm
  45. 3rd Asia Cooperation Dialogue Foreign Ministers' Meeting/ Retreat
    Qingdao, China, June 21-22
    Attended by foreign ministers from Bahrain, Bangladesh, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kuwait, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Qatar, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam. Discussions focussed on the creation of an Asian Fund and an Asian Bond market. The 22-member Asia cooperation dialogue (ACD) on June 22 decided to intensify cooperation among themselves in a big way to take Asia's economic integration to the next level, make travel into and within Asia easier and bridge the divide within Asia and between Asia and the world. The "Declaration on Asia Cooperation: Hand in Hand for a Better Asia" and "Qingdao Initiative" were adopted. The former is a document calling for mutual peace and prosperity whereas the latter entails a 13-point programme for further Asian economic integration, including promises to intensify political dialogue and enhance mutual trust, enhance economic cooperation, promote regional integration process and vigorously develop intra-regional trade, promote sustainable development of agriculture and to ensure food security and food safety to promote Asia's balanced development. There is a strong focus on energy security and cooperation in energy-related fields. There were also points related to agriculture, IT, financial infrastructure, recognition of different civilizations, tourism, the environment, public health and disease control, media cooperation, exchanges at various sectors of society, and promoting a sense of community among Asian people. The members also approved applications by Iran, Mongolia and the United Arab Emirates to join ACD. ACD Web site: http://www.acddialogue.com/web/3.php
    Web site: http://www.financialexpress-bd.com/index3.asp?cnd=6/24/2004§ion_id=15&newsid=13860&spcl=yes
  46. Six-Party Talks on North Korea - Third Round
    Beijing, June 23-25
    Foreign Ministry officials from China, DPRK, Korea, Japan, Russia and U.S. The third round of talks to try and resolve the North Korean nuclear issue. This meeting was preceded by a 2-day working group meeting in the hopes that the impetus for progress could be forwarded. The general feeling before the meeting was that North Korea is waiting to see the U.S. election results before providing any definitive action. All parties provided proposals to break the deadlock. In what was seen as a significant shift in terms of flexibility, the U.S. offered a two-step detailed proposal for ending the crisis over North Korea's nuclear program, including promises of oil shipments from other Asian nations, removal of U.S. terrorism sanctions and a guarantee that the U.S. would not invade the country. In exchange North Korea had to agree to a 3-month preparatory phase for dismantling of the nuclear program and subsequent removal of nuclear materials under international supervision. While this exact proposal was met with a counter offer, all parties agreed that a freeze was the first step towards denuclearization and North Korea expressed its willingness to give up its nuclear weapons programs in a transparent way. Given they found this consensus they agreed to meet again by the end of September to decide on concrete steps for the denuclearization process.
    Web site: http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/eng/zxxx/t140647.htm
  47. ASEAN SOM
    Jakarta, June 27-28
    The senior officials worked on a draft plan of action for achieving the ASEAN Security Community to be submitted to foreign ministers at the ministerial meeting to be held on June 29-30. The draft is said to be a compromise and the idea of a peacekeeping force has been shelved for the time being. Other elements in the proposed community include political development, conflict prevention and peace-building. They also discussed the idea of an East Asian summit and agreed that ASEAN should be the primary force if such a framework is established, so as not to be the tools of big countries to advance their agendas. Malaysia had offered to host a future East Asian summit, adding that China and South Korea have also endorsed the idea. There have been suggestions that a more formal East Asian Summit should replace the existing ASEAN+3 annual meeting framework.
  48. Meeting between ASEAN Senior Officials and the Working Group for an ASEAN Human Rights Mechanism
    Jakarta, June 28
    The Working Group, an informal coalition of individuals and groups within the region who are working with government institutions and NGOs in the field of human rights, presented to the ASEAN senior officials their findings and recommendations that came out of the Fourth Workshop for the Establishment of an ASEAN Regional Mechanism on Human Rights that was held earlier in June.
  49. 37th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting (AMM)
    Jakarta, June 29 - June 30
    Foreign Ministers from the 10 ASEAN countries as well as a special envoy from Papua New Guinea and the foreign minister for East Timor as observers at selected sessions. They met under the theme "Striving For Full Integration of ASEAN: A Prosperous, Caring and Peaceful Community" and reaffirmed their commitment to creating a community with three pillars - economy, security and socio-cultural. They discussed their progress on a number of areas for cooperation, external relations, and regional and global security issues, such as Iraq, the Middle East and the Korean peninsula. Indonesia pushed forward with its vision of a security community which would enable the region to take responsibility for traditional and non-traditional threats to their regional security through defense cooperation and creation of an international peacekeeping force. This is seen by some member nations as a potential interference to their sovereignty. They talked specifically about transport security in the Strait of Malacca. They reaffirmed their commitment to address the root causes of and to work together to fight terrorism. They discussed the draft of the Vientiane Action Programme (VAP)—a 6-year plan to realize medium term goals of the ASEAN community—as the successor to the Hanoi Plan of Action (HPA). They also pressed Myanmar to push forward with reforms. They emphasized that an East Asian community is a long-term objective for East Asia cooperation to be developed through the existing ASEAN+3 mechanism and supported the idea of convening the East Asia Summit at an appropriate time. All related files available at http://www.aseansec.org/89_16153.htm
    Web site: http://www.aseansec.org/16192.htm
  50. 5th AMM +3, ASEAN +3 SOM, ASEAN+3 DGs Meeting
    Jakarta, July 1
    At the ASEAN +3 Summit, participants reaffirmed the central role of ASEAN in advancing the ASEAN+3 process towards reaching the establishment of the East Asia community. The Ministers discussed the possibility of the formation of a community that might result from the intensifying cooperation of ASEAN+3 and agreed that the establishment of an East Asia community is a long-term objective, that would be achieved through a building-bloc and step-by-step approach. They agreed to the value of an East Asian Summit and also for the need of discussion on its modalities. They commended the progress in the implementation of the short-term measures recommended by the East Asia Study Group (EASG), especially with regard to the Network of East Asia Think-tanks (NEAT) and the East Asia Forum (EAF) and the Study Group on Promotion of Exchange of People and Human Resources Development. They discussed the possibility of an East Asian Free Trade Area (EAFTA) as well as the rapid progress made towards creating an Asian Bond Market.
    Web site: http://www.aseansec.org/16212.htm
  51. ASEAN+1 PMC Sessions, ASEAN PMC+10 Retreat
    Jakarta, July 1
    PMC +1 sessions held with Australia, Canada, EU, New Zealand, Russia, and U.S. They welcomed the signing of the ASEAN-Australia Joint Declaration for Cooperation to Combat International Terrorism. The PMC+10 retreat included the foreign ministers from all ASEAN nations plus the ASEAN Dialogue Partners Australia, Canada, China, India, Japan, Korea, New Zealand, Russia U.S., and representatives of the EC and EU. They expressed their support for and wish to be involved in the Initiative for ASEAN Integration (IAI) Work Plan and the implementation of the Vientiane Integration Agenda (VIA), to be adopted at the 10th ASEAN Summit in Vientiane next November. During the PMC 10+10 Retreat, the Ministers discussed two important topics—ASEAN Community and the outcomes of the G8 Summit—especially with regard to the roles of private sectors in alleviating poverty. The dialogue partner ministers expressed their support for the three pillars of the ASEAN Community.
    Web site: http://www.aseansec.org/16209.htm
  52. 11th ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), Meeting of ARF Defence and Military Officials
    Jakarta, July 1-2
    Foreign Ministers as well as about 400 officials from the 23 ARF member countries—Australia, Brunei, Cambodia, Canada, China, DPRK, EU, Indonesia, India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, Thailand, U.S. and Vietnam. The members admitted Pakistan as a new member after India dropped its objections. The Ministers recognized the ARF as the central political and security forum in the Asia-Pacific forum, supported ASEAN's role as the driver of that and therefore supported the ASEAN Security Community concept. Participants condemned terrorism as a worldwide threat. They signed the Statement on Strengthening Transport Security against International Terrorism, agreeing to work together for better maritime security, with special attention to the Strait of Malacca. They also signed a Statement on Non-Proliferation. They spoke about the nuclear issue on the Korean peninsula and the need for progress in the six-party talks format as well as the importance of a step-by-step process. U.S. and DPRK foreign ministers met bilaterally to clarify their respective positions and the proposals put forward in the most recent talks. The U.S. sought action from ASEAN states to take action to ensure democratic reforms are implemented in Myanmar. The EU continued to push for democratic reforms in Myanmar and indicated that it might cancel an ASEM summit scheduled for October if the Asian nations insisted Myanmar should take part. Japan and Pakistan both acceded to the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC) during these sessions, following China and India who did so in 2003. During the meeting the ASEAN-Russia Joint Declaration for Cooperation to Combat International Terrorism was signed.
    Web site: http://www.aseansec.org/arf11.pdf