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U.S.-Japan Parliamentary Exchange Program

26th Japanese Diet Delegation to the United States
April 30-May 3, 2013

Participants pose at the US Capitol
building with JCIE board members
and friends

A bipartisan JCIE delegation of three up-and-coming Diet members and four of Japan’s most promising younger policy experts visited Washington DC on April 30—May 3, meeting with more than three dozen foreign policy experts, political analysts, and government officials. During their visit, they were the featured speakers at the Tadashi Yamamoto Memorial Seminar at the Council on Foreign Relations, and were welcomed to Washington at a reception in the US Capitol Building that convened 150 key figures in American politics and US-Japan relations.

Participants

Yasushi AdachiMember of the House of Representatives, Japan Restoration Party
Seiji KiharaMember of the House of Representatives, Liberal Democratic Party
Takao OchiMember of the House of Representatives, LDP
  
Yuichi HosoyaProfessor, Keio University
Satoru MoriProfessor, Hosei University
Ryo SahashiAssociate Professor, Kanagawa University; Research Fellow, JCIE
Harukata TakenakaProfessor, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies



Delegates speak with Robert Primus,
Chief of Staff to Congressman
Michael Capuano

Sec. Norman Mineta, an alumnus of
JCIE's parliamentary exchange,
with former US Amb. Tom Schieffer

Diet members discuss challenges to
political leadership in Japan with
Dr. Gerald Curtis

Discussing the US pivot to Asia with
Matthew Goodman & Michael Green
of CSIS


Program Report [PDF 298kb]

Program Report

The group’s discussions were wide-ranging, but four topics came up repeatedly:


Former Congressman Bill Frenzel looks on as
former House Budget Chairman Jim Jones
describesrecent changes in US politics
Dysfunctional domestic politics:

Most of the delegation members have been involved in a major JCIE study that examines the phenomenon of weak political leadership and domestic political instability in Japan. In a series of roundtables, US scholars and former Congressional members remarked that American politics have also become deeply dysfunctional, in large part due to the spread of corrosive partisanship and a steady erosion of the powers of political parties and Congressional leaders. While the roots of these challenges facing Japanese and US politics differ considerably, one common factor has been the changing nature of media coverage, which has helped to fuel further political instability in both countries.

Disputes over war history:

The experts and officials that the group spoke with felt that US-Japan relations are strong, but concerns about the Abe administration’s stance on Japan’s war history came up in every meeting. There was a strong sense from Washington DC experts across the political spectrum that Japan should refrain from any moves that roll back the apologies for its wartime aggression or further inflame tensions with its Asian neighbors. The delegation members remarked that Prime Minister Abe has some advisors urging him to take a nationalistic tack while others are arguing for more pragmatic approaches, but he is unlikely to wade any deeper into the debate over history issues this year, primarily to avoid taking the focus off of his economic agenda.


Delegation members debate China-Japan-US
relations at the Brookings Institution
Territorial issues:

To some degree, the debate over “history issues” has become intertwined with the narrative surrounding the territorial disputes that neighboring countries have with Japan. Delegation members noted that Japan only aims to maintain the status quo on territorial issues in its relations with China and Korea, arguing that the Japanese government has sought to avoid actions that might be perceived as aggressive regarding the Senkaku/Diaoyu and Takeshima/Dokdo Islands. Their American counterparts were sympathetic to the argument that China and Korea bear considerable responsibility for recent tensions on these issues, but they remain deeply concerned that a maritime accident, particularly in the vicinity of the Senkakus, could lead to an uncontrolled escalation of tensions and draw the United States into a conflict with China.

One expert summed up the general consensus by explaining that Japan improves its position by being seen as the party in these disputes that is going the extra mile to be calm and conciliatory. Of course, he noted, the more debate there is over war history, the more that Japan's stance on these territorial issues is undermined in the eyes of Americans and the rest of the international community. One area where the delegation members felt progress can be made is in the territorial dispute with Russia over the so-called “Northern Territories” or Kuril Islands. There have been positive signs from both Japan and Russia on this recently, and they felt that a successful resolution of this dispute is feasible over the next several years, which in turn might help improve the dynamics involving other territorial issues.

TPP and trade:

Ambassador Sasae welcomes the delecation,
with former Transportation Secretary Norman
Mineta and Prof. Gerald Curtis in the background

The delegation and their US counterparts were markedly positive about the prospects for the successful ratification of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement. The Japanese side felt that, while rallying domestic political support for TPP will be the first major test of Prime Minister Abe’s power, his government is focused on its long-term strategic implications and will succeed in pushing the final agreement through the Diet. Several of the Diet members noted that the key factor will be the scope and contents of the agricultural support package that the Abe administration will need to announce as compensation for farming communities that will suffer under TPP. As one expert noted, special interest lobbies that traditionally back the LDP, notably including the agricultural lobby and the Japan Medical Association, have lost power in recent years, which will enable the Abe administration to resist their entreaties this time. American experts also felt that TPP has a strong chance of being successfully negotiated and ratified, although many thought that the October deadline for negotiations will need to be extended. One added that, since the are losing the argument on the merits the trade deal, American opponents to TPP may be tempted to highlight the controversy over Japan’s war history to rally opposition to the overall deal, and this approach will gain more traction the longer that history issues stay in the spotlight.