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The Role of Philanthropy in Postwar U.S.-Japan Relations

International House Workshop
November 19, 2002

A second workshop was held on November 19, 2002, at the International House in Tokyo, Japan. Forty participants gathered at the daylong meeting to discuss the experiences of Japanese grantees in their dealings with American foundations as well as the role of U.S. philanthropy in helping rebuild intellectual ties between Japan and the United States.

Agenda

10:00 Opening Session
10:10-10:30 Session I: Report on the Project Ouline and General Progress

Presentation:

• Tadashi Yamamoto, President, Japan Center for International Exchange

10:30-12:30 Session II: The Role of Private Philanthropy and Government in Postwar U.S.-Japan Intellectual Exchange

Presentation: "U.S-Japan Intellectual Exchange-The Role of Government and the Role of the Private Sector"

• Makoto Iokibe, Professor, Kobe University; Harvard-Yenching Institute Coordinate Researcher

Commentators:

• Makoto Saito, Professor Emeritus, University of Tokyo

• Mikio Kato, Executive Director, The International House of Japan, Inc.

14:00-15:15 Session III: Presentations on Preliminary Findings and Hypotheses

Presentation: "The Revitalization of Japanese Philanthropy and New Developments in the Field"

• Hideko Katsumata, Managing Director and Executive Secretary, JCIE/Japan

Commentators:

• Ken-ichiro Ohara, President, Ohara Museum of Art

• Masahide Shibusawa, President, Shibusawa Eiichi Memorial Foundation

Presentation: "The Japan-Related Grant-Making Activities of U.S. Foundations from the 1950s through the 1970s"

• Jun Wada, Chief Program Officer, JCIE/Japan; Professor, Kanda University of International Studies

Presentation: "U.S. Foundation Support for Area Studies, Japanese Studies, and American Studies"

• James Gannon, Executive Director, JCIE/USA

Presentation: "Grassroots Exchange in Postwar U.S.-Japan Relations"

• Toshihiro Menju, Senior Program Officer, JCIE/Japan

15:30-17:00 Session IV: Future Research Strategy—Critical Issues Related to the Role of Philanthropy in the Postwar Era

"The Role of the State and Civil Society in International Relations"

  • Autonomy of private foundations in the immediate postwar period
  • Private foundations and the "Cultural Policy" in Japan of the Occupation Forces and U.S. government
  • "National Interest" and U.S. philanthropy

"Institutional Adjustments by U.S. Private Foundations in Response to Changes in the Postwar U.S.-Japan Relationship"

  • Priority given to Japan by U.S. private foundations (as compared with to Europe)
  • How foundations explored and responded to the needs of Japan

"U.S. Philanthropic Prioritization of the Intellectual Community and Intellectual Exchanges"

  • Background of the priority given to the intellectual community
  • Background of the priority given to area studies and library activities
  • Policy dialogues and mutual understanding

"Efforts to Make Efficient Use of Assistance for Institution Building, Programs, and Individuals"

  • Did U.S. philanthropy have a set policy for activities in Japan?
  • Efforts to supplement the lack of effective grantees
  • Human resource development and network building

"Institutional Judgement and the Judgement of Professionals in Priority Setting and Grant Making Strategy"

  • The roles of board members, senior staff, program officers and field officers
  • Methods of gathering professional information on the bilateral relationship and Japanese society

"The Role of Philanthropy in Postwar U.S.-Japan Relations"

  • Significance for the present and the future
  • Implications for the future international relationship
17:00 Concluding Session